In the area of the town of Dhamrai (Dhamrai, 20 km northwest of Dhaka) you can see a large number of Hindu temples of the XV-XVII centuries. And Dhamray himself is famous all over the world for his masters of arts and crafts.
There are still workshops that use the ancient method of casting bronze on lost wax molds. Hindu religious figurines made here are considered to be one of the best in the world and are distinguished by careful detailing and high quality. In addition, many products here can be ordered according to the catalog with delivery to the hotel, decorated with precious metals or carvings. Therefore, they serve as a wonderful souvenir and are especially popular with tourists.
Photo and description
The town of Dhamrai is located 20 kilometers northwest of the capital. It is known for the surviving buildings of Hindu temples built in the 15-17th centuries, and workshops where souvenir figurines are produced in the ancient way.
The craft workshop itself is located in a large colonial-style building; floor drawings from the 17-19th century are well preserved in the showroom. You can go inside and see all the stages of making souvenirs in person. Masters work on the ancient technology of casting and smelting bronze on a wax blank.
The uniqueness of these products in the careful, fine-tuning of the smallest details. At the first stage, a project is made of plastic wax, all thin lines, parts of jewelry, and facial features are cut out. The next step is the application of clay and drying, after - firing in a furnace and removing wax. Next, the future mini-sculpture or mask is cast from bronze, cooled, and get rid of the clay shell. You can order a product inlaid with precious metals. After careful polishing, a real work of art will appear before buyers.
Tourists can choose and order goods from the catalog, and in the exhibition and trade pavilion ready-made figures of animals, people, religious figurines and whole compositions are offered.
The city of Dhamrai itself, in fact, is a large village with a population of about 22 thousand people. Tourists may be interested in the traditional annual Hindu festival Ratha Yatra - a chariot parade in honor of one of the incarnations of Krishna - Jagannath.
City `s history
Dhaka was founded in the 7th century. This city has experienced many historical events that are clearly imprinted on its appearance. There are two versions of the origin of the name of the capital:
- from the name of a tropical tree with valuable resin,
- in honor of the Hindu goddess Durga.
In 1700, the population of Dhaka totaled about a million people. But over a century it has decreased fivefold. The reason for this was hunger, raids and devastation. Only from the middle of the 20th century the capital began to grow again.
Currently, Dhaka (photo) is a busy, noisy and vibrant metropolis. The city is considered one of the most populated. It ranks tenth among the most populated places in the world. In a small area, by the standards of modern megacities, it is 815.8 square meters. kilometers live a little more than 12 million people. The population growth is about 4% annually, which is the highest among Asian cities.
Literacy is at 68.3%. About 90% profess Islam, 9% - Hinduism and 1% are Buddhists and Christians. Most of the population speaks Bengali, which has large regional variations, including Chittagong and Sylhet dialects. English is widely spoken in business. There is a fairly large diaspora (about 40 thousand people), speaking Urdu.
Location and climate
Dhaka (on the map) is located on the banks of the Burhi Ganga River in the very center of Bangladesh at the confluence of the Padma and Meghna rivers. The capital is located in the flat lowlands of the Ganges almost at sea level. During seasonal rains, floods occur for this reason.
A serious problem for the city is the constant increase in air and water pollution. This affects nature and public health. As a result of this, soil erosion occurs, which, in turn, affects the destruction of biofauna. In the vicinity of Dhaka there are a lot of water bodies and swamps, which are gradually destroyed during the development process.
The city is dominated by stuffy and hot weather. From May to September, heavy rains often occur. During this period, 80% of the average annual rainfall falls in the region. The air temperature in summer reaches +40 ° С, in winter +20 ° С - +30 ° С. The most comfortable time for a visit to Dhaka is October-February.
20 km north of the city is the international airport of Dhaka, which was opened in 1981. It receives annually about 900 thousand passengers from domestic flights and about 4 million passengers from international flights. And also about 100 thousand tons of cargo. The airport connects Dhaka with all major centers of Bangladesh and with more than 20 cities outside the country.
The capital of Bangladesh is colorful and diverse. Conventionally, it can be divided into New and Old Town. In the old quarters, small houses and narrow streets, perfectly in harmony with the architectural sights and the oriental bazaar.
New quarters are built up with modern multi-storey buildings, shops and hotels. In the modern district there are many government buildings and universities. Despite the fact that the city lives in a modern rhythm, its feature is the ubiquitous and numerous cycle rickshaws.
Of course, not everything in the capital is so beautiful. Many areas are a real mess of slums and shacks with people living in total poverty.
For tourists in this country there are many attractions that you can admire. The capital attracts travelers with its cultural facilities, made in the Arabic style. Such as:
- Ahsan Manzil Palace
- Balda Museum
- Curzon Hall
- Nawab Park
- Dhaka Museum
- the dilapidated Binat Bibi Mosque,
- Lal Bagh fortifications and many other mosques,
- The magnificent gardens of Balda.
In Dhaka, the first Muslim house of worship - Binat Bibi - appeared in 1457. After him, other mosques began to be actively built. The era of the Sultans was replaced by the appearance of the Mongols. At this time, the peak of the construction of buildings in the Islamic style.
Dhaka is the city of mosques. In the 17th century, the Chavk Bazaar Mosque was built, from the minarets of which you can see the entire old part of the city. The oldest building is the Khaza-Shahbaz mosque, built in 1679.
The main mosque of the capital is Baitul-Mukarram. She has national status. This complex of structures was created by Abdullah Tariani. Light stone with inlay was used in the decoration.
The list of attractions in Dhaka is the Church of Holy Sunday. The premises of the temple belong to the Armenian diaspora. This memorial complex occupies about a hectare. Today it does not work.
The Somapuri Vihara Buddhist monastery founded in the eighth century is used as an archaeological site. Not far from it there is a museum where tourists can get acquainted with household items of monks.
Going to Dhaka, it should be borne in mind that the time difference with Moscow is three hours. Daylight saving time does not apply.
The best hotels of the capital are located in the areas of Gulshan and Banani. They offer their guests good service and comfortable rooms. However, it should be borne in mind that the category of "stardom" of local institutions does not always meet European standards. Therefore, those who need European service should give preference to hotels of hotel operators Best Western and Radisson. Most budget hotels are located in the modern part of Dhaka. There are economy class hotels and three-star hotels. In addition, guest houses are scattered throughout the capital, but living in them is not very comfortable. The best hotels in Dhaka include:
- The westin
- Radisson Water Garden Hotel,
- Pan-Pacific Sonargaon Hotel,
- Hotel Orchard Plaza,
- Lake Shore Hotel.
Recreation and entertainment
Unfortunately, the choice of entertainment in the capital of Bangladesh is small. The favorite vacation spot of locals and guests of the capital is Romna Park. The entire territory of the city is so carefully used that the few city parks have become a real paradise for those who love hiking. Such places in Dhaka are necessarily surrounded by a fence, otherwise they turn into a roadway.
You can visit the Botanical Garden or the nearby zoo.
Oriental colorful bazaars are concentrated in the Old District, and in the modern part of the capital there are cafes, restaurants, shops and shopping centers. The city has sports fields and stadiums. They are mainly used for internal competitions held between universities of cities. There are no bars, discos and attractions familiar to Europeans in the capital. Therefore, the most common entertainment is visiting museums, sightseeing, and rickshaw trips.
It should be prepared that life during the holidays in Dhaka practically stops so that it is not always possible to find a table in a restaurant. And since besides the state in this country there are a large number of religious holidays, the city is very often in a kind of hibernation.
Dhaka is rich in restaurants, cafes, bistros and street stalls. Each traveler can choose for themselves establishments according to their abundance. In old Dhaka, in a cheap eatery, you can taste traditional dishes in a colorful setting. In areas more prestigious are restaurants of any cuisine of the world. Prices, however, in these institutions are much higher than in the Old Town. In addition, throughout the capital there are many institutions such as "buffet" or "buffet".
Traditional Bangladeshi dishes are mainly made from meat, rice, lentils, fish, eggs and vegetables. They are generously flavored with aromatic spicy spices and served with different sauces. It is impossible to count the number of national dishes, so any gourmet can enjoy tasting the local cuisine.
Sweets made from pressed cottage cheese “chyhena” and sugar are especially valued in this country. It is recommended to try sweet shondesh cottage cheese, ros-malai milk sweets, roshgall curd balls and sweet rice with zorda nuts. All these treats can be bought on the street or in a restaurant.
Among drinks it is worth trying fermented milk “lassi”. In everyday life of Bangladeshis, practically no alcohol is found, with the exception of local rice beer. In hotels for tourists there are always bars with a large selection of alcoholic beverages.
Tourists visiting Dhaka, if they have a good idea of exactly where they will get, as a result of this trip can get vivid impressions. There are more than 700 mosques in this city alone! There are interesting museums in Dhaka and well-maintained areas where wealthy people live. Looking at these quarters, one can imagine how this city could be.
Interesting places Daki
The site contains Daki attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Dhaka, where to go and where there are popular and interesting places of Dhaka.
Dhaka International Airport is located in the capital of Bangladesh, at an altitude of 9 meters above sea level. Its official name is Daka Zia International Airpot. It was opened in 1981 and named after the former president of the country Zia Ziaur Rahman. Its area is 8 square kilometers, about 52% of all passengers in the country pass through this airport. More than 17% of them are residents of Chittagong, which is the second largest in Bangladesh. Each year, Daka International Airport handles approximately 3.8 million international passengers, 800 thousand domestic passengers and 105 000 tons of cargo. Its infrastructure includes two passenger terminals, hangars, technical areas, storage facilities, a weather station, restaurants, cafes and two huge lounges equipped with the latest technology.
Daka International Airport cooperates with Bangladeshi airlines such as Biliman Bangladesh Airlines, GMG Airlines, Best Air, United Airways. It connects Dhaka with all the major cities of Bangladesh, as well as with 24 cities on other continents. The length of the airport runway is 750 meters, which allows you to receive medium-sized aircraft.
Mosque of the Star
In the old part of Dhaka, there is the Tara Mosque, also known as the Star Mosque. The first temple on this site was built at the beginning of the 18th century, but was later modified by Mirza Golam Pir. This is the only mosque in the city built in the style of the Mughals. The exterior walls and interior of the building are decorated with numerous stylized images of stars, which is why the mosque got its name.
The mosque was originally rectangular in shape and had three arched entrances on the eastern facade. Later, towers appeared on every corner. The mosque is crowned with three domes, in which the central one is significantly distinguished by its size. At the beginning of the 20th century, thanks to the financing of the famous businessman Ali Bepari, a veranda was added to the eastern side of the mosque.
The main architectural value of the Star Mosque was discovered only in 1930, when decorative mosaics created from pieces of Chinese porcelain, forming crescent-shaped patterns and stars, were found during the restoration. Similar decorative ornaments were found in the main prayer hall and under a layer of plaster on the outer walls. Three openings on the main facade of the mosque are now decorated with mosaics. Here, multi-colored glazed fragments form a continuous floral ornament.
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Vihara in Paharpur
Somapura Mahavihara is the largest Buddhist monastery complex in the Indian subcontinent. It is located in the northern part of Bangladesh, in the town of Paharpur. Archaeologists have been able to explore only the uppermost historical layers of this complex, but they are also dated to 781 AD. Somapura Mahavihara was built by the Buddhist ruler Dharmapala of the Pal dynasty. The monastery was captured in the 9th century, after which it is desolate.
With the advent of Islam in the territory of Bangladesh, the monastery was not rebuilt until, in the 90s, the UNESCO World Heritage Organization drew public attention to the state of the historical monument. Several million dollars were allocated for its initial restoration.
Somapura Mahavihara is a quadrangular pyramidal structure, in the center of which is a traditional stupa. Around it are 177 monastic cells, which form the outer square of the building. Around this complex are several monastery buildings, stupas and small temples of various shapes, stone columns and sculptures forming the second outer square. Around it is another ring of external walls, lined around the perimeter with terracotta tiles and bas-reliefs. The total area of the complex is more than 85,000 square meters.
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Khan Mohammad Mridha Mosque
On the road to Lalbach, the mosque of Khan Mohammad Mridha is located.It was built in 1704, as indicated by two commemorative inscriptions above the central vaulted passage. The mosque was built in the traditional architectural style typical of the Mughal period, but looks like a fortress of Lalbakh. The mosque complex is additionally raised to a height of five meters and is located on a special platform, under which there are passage living rooms.
The main entrance to the mosque is on the eastern facade. There is a staircase ending with gates and central doors. Climbing the stairs immediately to the upper levels, you find yourself in a prayer hall. It is a rectangular room with three domes. The entrance to the prayer hall is framed by vaulted arches and half columns on both sides. From the central hall you can get into three more rooms in which the mihrab is located.
Women of any other religious tradition can get inside, but before that they must get special permission. During prayer, the main gate may be locked, but if you ask the guard, he will let you in.
Bhawal National Park
Bhaval National Park was established in 1982. Accessible territory is about 940 hectares, but in fact the park is much larger and includes the surrounding forest. The total area of the protected conservation area, according to the Law on Wildlife, occupies more than 5000 hectares.
At the beginning of 2000, the fauna of Bhaval National Park was on the verge of destruction. Therefore, an urgent program was developed to populate the surrounding landscape. Today, peacocks, tigers, leopards, black panther, smoky leopard and several deer species live in the natural environment in the park. In the southeast, several families of elephants live.
Almost 90% of the park’s territory is an impenetrable rainforest where 220 species of plants can be found, including rare tree species such as albicia and pterocarpus.
Bangladesh National Museum
The National Museum of Bangladesh was established on March 20, 1913. This largest museum in the country is located in a four-story building, covering an area of more than twenty thousand square meters. At the same time, the museum still has an independent branch located in one of the halls of the royal palace. In addition to the exhibition halls, there is a library, three lecture halls and several art galleries.
The National Museum of Bangladesh contains several tens of thousands of exhibits. Among them there are collections of paintings, ancient relics and objects that date back several millennia BC, sculptures, tapestries, weapons and much more. The museum has several departments: ethnographic, arts and crafts, department of history and classical art, department of natural history, and department of modern and world civilization.
The main staircase and the first hall, divided into 22 expositions, begin on the ground floor. Here you can see a huge map of the country and a statue of the royal Bengal tiger. The entire floor is dedicated to interesting archaeological and natural finds, historical relics and ethnographic objects. The second floor is occupied by photographs of famous people of Bangladesh and wartime expositions. On the third floor are two libraries and three international art galleries of Korean, Iranian and Swiss painting. Seminars and workshops are regularly held on the fourth floor, telling about the collections of the museum and the history of the ancient world.
Dakeshwari Temple in Daka, the capital of Bangladesh, is one of the main architectural and historical monuments reflecting the country's cultural heritage. There is no exact information about the dating of the temple, but according to the generally accepted legend, it was built at the beginning of the 12th century by the king of Ballal Sena from the Seine dynasty. The architecture of the temple complex is difficult to attribute to any particular style, because over the centuries it has been rebuilt and reconstructed several times after the destruction during the war.
All the premises of the temple can be divided into two types. The oldest are made of rough stone, they can be seen in the interior and underground halls. The newest ones were built about 200 years ago as part of the reconstruction of the temple at the initiative of the East India Trading Company. The temple can be reached through the high gate through which elephants once walked. In front of the main temple is a small pond. In the eastern part of the complex, priests and ministers of the temple, some saints, are buried. Today this place is used for prayer and meditation. In addition to the main building, there are also six small pagodas in the temple complex.
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Baitul Mukarram Mosque
The main national mosque of Bangladesh is located in the capital of the country - in the city of Dhaka. It is called Baitul Mukarram, which can be translated as "Holy House". The shrine itself is relatively modern - it was built in 1960. The construction is a complex of buildings designed by architect Abdula Hussein Tariani. He managed to combine several modern architectural features, while preserving the main elements of the traditional architecture of mosques.
At first glance, one can notice a strong influence of the external appearance of the main Muslim mosque in Mecca. Baitul Mukarram, like the Kaaba, have an almost identical shape, but the main difference between the mosque in Bangladesh is the material from which it is built. For the construction of the national mosque, light stone was used, decorated with black accents, making it look very impressive. Like most mosques, built under the strong influence of Indian culture, the entrance to the mosque passes through an artificial reservoir.
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