The Acropolis is probably the most famous and most visited monument in the world since antiquity. It is a symbol of Athens and the most famous landmark of Athens. Every year, thousands of visitors from all over the world come to admire this symbol of ancient Greek civilization. On the rock of the Acropolis there are several monuments from Greek antiquity, most of the monuments were built in the golden age of Pericles 5th century BC.
Among the monuments of the Acropolis, the Parthenon is the most magnificent, the Parthenon was dedicated to the goddess Athena, the patroness of Athens. The Parthenon is one of the most famous buildings in the world. With its unique architecture, the Parthenon inspired most of the world's architects, universities, public buildings, palaces, parliaments and libraries were built in its image and likeness. The Parthenon was built during the golden era in Athens.
Plaka is one of the most attractive areas of Athens. Plaka is located on the slopes of the Acropolis. Plaka attracts all Athens tourists with its neoclassical mansions and houses with red tile roofs, as well as its winding roads, balconies with geraniums and jasmine. Sometimes on a sunny and romantic day you feel that the Greek goddess Athena is looking down, and with a smile on her face, is watching you.
There are a lot of shops here, mainly with tourist souvenirs and crafts of local craftsmen, art salons, fur and jewelry stores. The main shopping streets are on Adrianou, Pandrosou and Hephaestou streets.
3. Ancient Agora
Agora was the center of political and social life in Athens. This is a large open area surrounded by buildings. Agora was used for trade, political, religious and military activities. Meetings on the Agora were held four times a month, usually gathered to introduce new laws, receive ambassadors, and solve problems to protect the state. They also ruled here.
The agora translated from Greek literally means "place of gathering" and the agora in Athens was the heart of urban life in ancient times.
4. Erechtheum (Erechtheum)
Another historical attraction of Athens is the Erechtheion Temple, which is located on the Acropolis. The Erechtheum was built between 420 to 406 BC. The builders of the temple were architects Philokles and Archilochos, under whose leadership the temple was completed around 406 BC. Erechtheion was originally the palace of the mythical king Erechtheus. The temple combines the complex architectural forms of ancient figures of gods and heroes. It was built entirely of marble from Mount Pentelikon, with black limestone friezes from Eleusis that carried sculptures made in white marble relief.
5. Temple of Olympian Zeus
Temple of Olympian Zeus, also known as Olympionion or pillars of Zeus Olympic , is a colossal temple in the center of Athens, which was dedicated to Zeus, king of the gods of Olympus. Construction began in the 6th century BC. during the reign of Athenian tyrants, the construction was completed before the reign of the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD, the construction took almost 700 years. Under the emperor Hardian in 132 BC, the temple was finally completed. In the Roman period, it was known as the largest temple in Greece. The glory of the temple was short-lived, as it was plundered during the invasion of the barbarians in the 3rd century AD.
The temple today stands mainly as a reminder of Greek history, but only 15 of the 104 huge columns remained intact over the past centuries.
6. Constitution Square (Syntagma Square)
Syntagama means Constitution. The square was designed and built at the beginning of the 19th century, shortly after King Otto moved to the capital. The most famous tourist attraction of the square is the changing of the guard in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Most of the major events that take place in Greece are celebrated at Syntagma Square. Around the square there are many interesting buildings, one of them is the historic building of the Greek Parliament, as well as the historic hotels Grande Bretagne and George II.
7. National Archaeological Museum
The National Archaeological Museum is the largest museum in Greece and one of the largest museums in the world. Although the original purpose of its creation was to provide exhibition space for all finds from excavations of the nineteenth century in the vicinity of Athens, but gradually it became the central archaeological museum. In his collection, more than 20,000 exhibits.
The museum presents an absolutely fantastic collection of Mycenaean gold, expressive compositions and the finest work of ancient masters, is exhibited, including the mask of Agamemnon. A rich collection of bas-reliefs, sculptures and frescoes. Historical artifacts are presented in 30 rooms of the museum. This museum is a must for any civilized tourist.
Official website: www.namuseum.gr
8. Mount Lycabettus (Mount Lycabettus)
Mount Lycabettus is perfect for romantic evenings, magnificent sunsets and stunning panoramic views of Athens, Mount Lycabettus is an incredible adventure. As the highest point in Athens, it allows visitors to see the Attica basin and the Aegean Sea. A small cafe here will serve you the highest level and provide a fantastic dinner for two. Tourists can take the cable car that departs from Ploutarchou and Aristippou streets.
9. New Acropolis Museum
The new Acropolis Museum, located at the base of the hill overlooking the city. It has the largest collection of Greek architecture and ancient sculptures including a statue of the goddess Athena. The museum has five floors, which demonstrate 4,000 artifacts. To visit all the attractions of Athens, be sure to book a city tour.
Official website: www.theacropolismuseum.gr
10. National Garden (Athens)
The National Garden is located in the center of the Greek capital, Athens. It is located directly behind the building of the Greek Parliament (Old Palace) and continues to the south where the Panathenaiko or Kalimarmaro Olympic Stadium from the 1896 Olympic Games is located. The garden also covers ancient ruins, Corinthian columns, mosaics and a number of other attractions. National Garden, a green oasis in the city center.
The garden was created in 1923. This is a quiet and peaceful place away from the noisy city with magnificent green trees and vibrant plant life.
Acropolis of Athens
This ancient city, consisting of large temples and places for a public meeting, is a real monument of Greek culture. You can see it from many points of the city, as it rises on a hill. Previously, rulers lived there, and his exalted position is marked not only by sacred significance, but also by a defensively convenient position. It is amazing how this small center of Athens survived so many times, cultural changes, wars and raids.
Of course, the losses that the structures suffered were also noticeable, time nevertheless took its toll, some important sculptures were lost, and we can learn about the impression that the Acropolis made during its heyday from the description of ancient historians. But even having overcome so many times, the complex of the Acropolis allows us to understand the scale of Greek culture with which they lived and how they thought. Now every tourist can visit the heart of Athens and get acquainted with that culture personally. Columns, arenas and old rooms make a great impression and give a full sense of reverence.
This temple is a striking indicator of Greek culture. Huge columns and mythological significance. It was built in honor of the victories over the Persians, the main patroness of the polis, the goddess Athena. The temple was built in the 5th century BC. The temple itself was built in such a way that in its center was placed a huge statue of Athena. Her creation was given into the hands of Phidias. He worked hard for fame and created a unique statue of gold and ivory. The statue of the goddess had many symbols of culture, mythical creatures that were, not only depicted on clothes and shields, but also on a helmet.
After that, many creators tried to repeat such an image of Athena, but now it is difficult to assess whether they managed to do something like this, since the statue was lost. From the description of historians we can understand that it fit perfectly into the walls of the temple and made a great impression. In the tenth century, she was transported to Constantinople, and after she disappeared and the reasons for this are not known.
This antique temple is very interesting for the eyes of tourists. It combines several amazing factors, even for the constructions of Greece. Firstly, this temple has its own legend, like every stone from ancient Greece. It is believed that the temple was built on the site of a dispute between Athena and Poseidon, because of this, unlike the usual purpose of the temple, as a tribute to one god, this one was made for several deities at once, as you understood Athena and Poseidon herself, it was also a tribute to King Erechteus . Secondly, this last factor gave it a higher significance, and not everyone could visit the temple.
Only worshipers and rulers could visit this temple. Ordinary people did not have access there. And, thirdly, it is the most preserved temple of all in the Acropolis. Its amazing appearance and still persistent walls give the most approximate understanding of the greatness of Greek temples.
Temple of Hephaestus
This temple is dedicated to the lesser-known deity. Probably only people who are more familiar with the mythology of Greek culture will remember this god of blacksmithing. Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera, according to legend, during a quarrel between his parents, he fell into a volcano and broke his leg, since then limped. But its symbol is fire. Artisans paid tribute to him and tried to locate their blacksmiths near the temples of the patron saint.
This is one of the few temples that has a roof. In addition, when visiting tourists, I tell stories about Achilles, to whom Hephaestus made armor, and Theseus and Heracles. Also, according to one version, they believe that a garden was laid out inside the temple, where philosophers could spend their days and think about the great.
Erechtheion is a popular temple of the Acropolis, built in 421 century BC. During its existence, he managed to be a repository of mysterious artifacts and famous statues, a Christian temple and even the harem of the commander of the garrison.
People who were not worshipers could not enter here. During construction, architects moved away from the canons of creating religious places. It is decorated not with columns, but with three porticoes. History lovers visit Erechtheion to touch antiquity and see exact copies of the caryatids. Columns more than 2 meters high in the form of beautiful women are the main feature of the temple.
The theater of the god of winemaking, located in the Acropolis - the ruins of an ancient stage, where crazy festivals were held in honor of the deity. Visiting a tourist attraction is included in the price of a ticket to visit the Acropolis, which allows guests of Athens to touch the history. Around the stage, a fence constructed for an interesting purpose is easily seen. In ancient times, not only talented Greeks performed on stage, but also gladiatorial fights were organized.
The Acropolis Museum is an amazing place to plunge into antiquity. The building belongs to the Acropolis, therefore it pleases guests with exhibits found in this area. The hallmark of the museum is glass floors, allowing you to observe the excavations. Authentic Erechtheion caryatids stand out.
On the upper tier are a souvenir shop and a restaurant with stunning views of the Acropolis.
Cathedral of St. Dionysius
A cult shrine built in honor of the disciple of the Apostle Paul. It was this clergyman who became the first bishop of Athens.
The building attracts attention with a green dome, balustrades, triangular pediments and ancient Greek motifs. The interior of the temple is striking with a mixture of styles, murals and mosaics.
- Website: https://www.atticapark.com/
- Cost: adults 18 €, children 3-12 years old - 14 €
- Opening hours: daily from 9.00 to sunset
Athens Zoo is a paradise for adults and children. A huge number of animals and good conditions are the main advantages of the park, with an area of 20 hectares.
Peacocks lazily walk along the paths, and large animals live in spacious enclosures. On the territory there are pens with livestock where you can pet animals. Zoo guests pay special attention to lemurs, who are happy to stick to people. And little travelers, tired of watching animals, play on the playground.
- Website: http://www.athenshappytrain.com
- It runs from 9.00 to 23.00 every 30-40 minutes
- Cost: adults - 5 €, children - 3 €
- Duration of the tour - 40 minutes.
A sightseeing train with a guide runs along the route past the main attractions of the city. During the trip you will see:
- Anglican and Russian churches
- Monument to Byron
- Church of St. Catherine
- Hadrian's Arch
- Acropolis and Parthenon
- Herodes Atticus Theater
- Pnix Hill
- Roman market
To get acquainted with the objects, the train makes stops. When you get off at the marked Athens Happy Train stop, you can get back on any of the sightseeing trains.
Adrian's arch, carved from solid marble without the use of building mixtures, is very similar to the Roman Triumphal. It has its own rich history and legends. Researchers believe that it divides the capital into new and old parts, and graffiti makes you ask questions. From the side of the Acropolis it is written that Athens is the city of Theseus, and near Olympia the inscription says that the city belongs to Adrian.
The tower of the winds is an octagonal structure with the main purpose of determining the strength and direction of the wind. The peculiar meteorological station delights with the unexpected architecture and ingenuity of the ancient Greeks.
The expression “time is up” appeared thanks to a tower of winds. It has a sundial for clear weather and a hydraulic one that helps to determine the time using dripping water on a cloudy day.
The Kallimaarmaro stadium, which means “beautiful marble”, attracts tourists not only with its horseshoe shape and size (accommodates 50 thousand people), but also with its secrets. Panathinaikos is famous for interesting places where in ancient times were:
- starting mechanisms (only attentive can see their remnants),
- Tikhi temple (parts of the stairs reached our time),
- necropolis (was discovered in 2004 in preparation for the Olympic Games),
- sarcophagus of Herodus Attica,
- the sacred ship on which peplos was transported for Athena.
- Website: https://www.benaki.org
- Time for visits: Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday: 10.00 - 18.00, Thurs .: 10.00 - 00.00, Sunday: 10.00 - 16.00, Tuesday closed
- Cost: 9 €
The Benaki Museum is a neoclassical mansion. He belonged to the son of a Greek entrepreneur, who collected a collection of Greek icons, utensils, costumes and handicrafts. The mansion features collections of Asian and Islamic art. Separate rooms are allocated for them. Themed exhibitions are held.
It is considered the most visited. But there are no crowds of tourists and this allows you to fully get acquainted with interesting exhibits.
National Archaeological Museum
Archaeological Museum of Athens with an area of 8 thousand meters - the largest in Greece. In 1983, he was recognized as a national and changed focus. The main goal was to introduce visitors to antiquity and teach archeology.
The museum presents to visitors 5 collections of exhibits:
- the art of prehistoric Greeks,
- Middle Eastern and Egyptian antiquities,
- items made of bronze.
Lycabettus Hill - the highest in Athens - height 277 meters. Likavitos has viewing platforms with breathtaking and unique views of Athens. Tourists visit the hill for sunset and St. George's Cathedral, where the cross lights up at night.
On the hill is a cozy cafe with glass walls. Beautiful views during the meal are provided.
Agios Eleftherios Church
The small church of the 12th century is inconspicuous and is easy to bypass. But this is a big mistake. The marbled building of Agios Eleftherios Cathedral, decorated with intricate carvings, makes you experience a unique sense of peace and tranquility, which is so expensive and valuable for tired travelers. Visitors note the charm and innocence of this place, unexpected for a country with a harsh history.
The Plaka district, the former center of Athens, now belongs to the old part of the city. Narrow streets, one-story houses, taverns, souvenir shops are a favorite place for tourists.
Popular sights in the old town:
- Tower of the Winds,
- Lysicrates monument
- children's museum.
Monastiraki Market is a true paradise for shopping enthusiasts, where life rages on any day of the week. Many mistakenly call the market “flea”, but this is not true. Only on weekends traders set up tables and sell antiques. It is worth being extremely careful and finding out the true value of things.
On the market you can buy a real relic, but they can not be taken out of the country.
If a person cannot find the desired product in the market, then most likely it simply does not exist in nature. Monastiraki is a treasury of all kinds of things.
The Areopagus, located next to the Acropolis - Ares Hill, because the name is translated in this way. Areopagus is also an ancient Greek court where, according to legend, the god of war was judged.
The Areopagus is known not for its beauty and picturesque landscapes, but is famous for its tragic history and interesting court hearings, both mythical and real. Ancient philosophers even spoke here. The most famous speech was delivered by the apostle Paul, addressing the Gentiles.
20 million - so many passengers annually pass through the port of Piraeus. It is the largest in all of Europe and is famous for its ideal location. The main attraction of Piraeus is the port itself, where you can enjoy yachts, ships and ferries. A walk in the port is a fascinating journey, pleasing to the eye. The port has several museums of local importance, cafes, poorly preserved ruins and many hotels.
Agora is a large open-air museum complex. Travelers enjoy exploring ancient ruins and religious buildings. The main attraction is the Athenian-style church of the Holy Apostles Solaki. The collection is constantly growing as excavations are carried out daily.
The Athenian Agora is recognized as the main monument of the ancient architecture of the Greeks. It reflects the life of all segments of the population of Greece, which allows you to feel the spirit of the time.
Archaeological Museum of Pottery
The Pottery Museum was opened in 1937 and consists of 4 halls. The first one contains sculptures from different ancient times. The main exhibit is the bull of Dionysius, which is a real tombstone. And in its original place was put an exact copy. The remaining three rooms are filled with exhibits found in the ceramics ceramics and presents utensils with decorations of the ancient Greeks.
Museum of Numismatics
The Numismatics Museum is located in the magnificent Ilion Palace. The palace is considered the attraction where the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann lived. It was he who proved the existence of the previously mythical Troy.
The first room is dedicated to the life of the archaeologist and his family, while the rest are famous for coins, jewelry and medals. The place is very popular with tourists due to lectures and practice on coin minting.
The library of Emperor Hadrian is the most important architectural monument of Greece. Built in 132 AD, it immediately became a library, reading and lecture hall, as well as a cultural center.
The massive building, which previously had 100 columns of Phrygian stone, is very popular among travelers who aim for vivid photos.
Athens War Museum
The War Museum is so popular that the creators had to open several branches throughout Greece. It is considered a center of tourism aimed at acquaintance with military history.
On the ground floor are ancient exhibits: sabers, first guns, uniforms and armor. The fourth floor takes pride in more modern appliances. On the second and third floor you can see military documents and letters.
The courtyard around with large equipment, guns and airplanes is also interesting.
Pnix Hill is an inconspicuous but important historical landmark, where the foundations of modern democracy were born. Tourists note the wildness and romanticism of the place and the share of extreme sports. On the hill there are no walking paths, cafes and souvenir shops. It pleases travelers only with an exciting story.
The hill overlooks Lycavitos.
Daphne Monastery is a quiet and peaceful place where you can see how the ancient Byzantine temples looked. The main advantage of the monastery is mosaics depicting fragments from the life of Christ, murals and the image of the Savior Almighty under the dome.
The monastery is rich in history, as professional guides competently tell. It was built by Queen Daphne in gratitude to Apollo. And according to legend, the nymph Daphne, hiding from Apollo, turned into a slender cypress.
Children's Museum - a yellow building with green window frames and balconies. In such a fun house, something interesting must be present.
The main exhibits of the museum are a variety of children's art. The building hosts master classes and seminars on:
- logic development
- fine arts
- theatrical and musical art.
The main direction of the museum is the development of creative potential and fun.