The first mention of Brest as a fortification of artisans dates back to the beginning of the 11th century. Over many centuries, the settlement has repeatedly changed its owners, was destroyed and rebuilt from ruins. Here you will see architectural monuments of the Early Middle Ages, Polish churches, Orthodox churches, cozy streets and embankments.
The most famous landmark of the city, where all tourists certainly go, is the famous Brest Fortress. Her defenders at the beginning of the Second World War showed extreme heroism in an unequal battle with the German army. Today, the fortification houses a museum complex dedicated to the events of those years.
Just 65 km from Brest is Belovezhskaya Pushcha - a fabulous oak forest where you can meet the enormous Belarusian bison. You can go there after visiting numerous city museums and take a break from tiring excursions.
What to see and where to go in Brest?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
1. Brest Fortress
The fortified citadel, built on the site of the Brest Castle in 1833. The construction consists of a number of barracks of red brick, walls of two meters thickness and the central citadel. In 1913, the second ring of defensive structures was erected. By the beginning of World War I, the fortress was considered one of the most impregnable in Europe. June 22, 1941 she took upon herself one of the first attacks of German troops. In 1965 she received the title Hero Fortress.
2. Monument "Courage"
Monument to the defenders of the Brest Fortress, designed by the Moscow architect A.P. Kibalnikov and erected on the Ceremonial Square in 1971. In height, the grandiose monument reaches 36 meters, in length - 54 meters. He depicts a bust of a fighter with a determined and frowning face against the backdrop of the Soviet banner, ready to resist the onslaught of the invaders to the end. In front of the sculpture is the grave of 850 defenders of the fortress.
3. The Thirst Monument
Another memorial in memory of the defenders of the Brest Fortress, which produces a powerful emotional impression. On the first day of the siege, the Germans disabled the water supply system, and Soviet soldiers were forced to fight in painful thirst, as the remaining water was used to cool machine guns. In an attempt to get at least some precious buckets of water in the river captured by the enemy, many soldiers died.
4. St. Nicholas Garrison Cathedral
An Orthodox church on the territory of the Brest Fortress, built in the Byzantine style in the middle of the XIX century. At the beginning of the 20th century, when Brest was part of Poland, it was turned into a church. During the Second World War, the construction was quite badly damaged. In 1972 it was mothballed, and in 1994 it was returned to believers. Restoration work continued for many years and was completed only in 2005.
5. The 5th Fort Museum
At the beginning of the 20th century, a brick fort was part of the defenses of the Brest-Litovsk fortress. There were barracks, walls, a moat filled with water. During the years of German occupation, warehouses were placed on its territory. In 1995, the building was recognized as a cultural monument, in 1997 it was restored. In 2000, a museum was organized on the territory of the fort dedicated to the history of the Brest Fortress.
6. Museum of Defense of the Brest Fortress
The museum is located in a restored building of the former barracks. It opened in 1956 at the base of the room of military glory. The collection consists of materials and exhibits telling about the defense of the Brest Fortress: weapons, archival documents, photographs - more than 8 thousand items in 9 rooms in total. The surviving defenders of the citadel took part in the creation of the exhibition.
Archaeological exhibition, founded in 1982 at the excavation site. The basis of the collection consists of finds discovered on the territory of the XIII century ancient settlement, including residential and farm buildings, raised from a depth of 4 meters and restored according to the historical appearance. In "Berestye" you can learn a lot about the traditional way of life of the Slavs, look at objects that were in use many centuries ago.
8. Sovetskaya street
Sovetskaya Street is often called the "Brest Arbat". After reconstruction in 2009, it turned into a favorite place for citizens to walk and a must-see destination for tourists. Along the alley are the picturesque facades of stone manors of the early 20th century, restaurants, flower beds, rows of wrought iron lamps, small city sculptures. The length of the street is about 1.7 km.
9. Forged Lanterns Alley
The alley is located on Gogol Street. Forged lamps appeared here in 2013. The peculiarity is that all of them are meaningful - part reflects the plots of the writer's works, another part reflects the specifics of the enterprise, which sponsored the manufacture of the lantern. There are lamps in the form of a clock, a loom, a symbolic figure of a clown, an angel, a treble clef.
10. Winter garden
The territory of the garden belongs to Brest State University. A.S. Pushkin is his scientific platform, however, greenhouses are open for free visits. Landings are divided into three zones: tropical, subtropical and desert. Exotic species grow under a glass dome resting on a base of metal and brick. This original building stands out against the backdrop of the city landscape.
11. The Brest Millennium Monument
The monument was built in 2009 at the expense of citizens. It is a model of Brest, reflected in the historical images of the princes and ordinary people who once ruled here. Above them lies the figure of a guardian angel. In 2011, a high relief was added to the monument, which displays important milestones of urban history, as well as a fancy Art Nouveau fence that harmoniously complemented the architectural composition.
12. The building of the railway station
The Brest railway station is considered the largest transport hub in Western Belarus. It caters for long-distance trains. The city is connected by direct railway lines with Berlin, Paris, Warsaw, Kiev. The station building was built in 1886. In form, it resembles a palace, therefore it is one of the popular attractions. During the First World War, the building was blown up, in 1953 it was reconstructed.
13. Railway Museum
The exposition, located on the territory of 29 thousand m² directly on the rails, is dedicated to everything related to railway construction, tracks and equipment. The museum opened in 2000. At the moment, his collection consists of several dozen samples: wagons, locomotives, steam cranes, repair facilities. There is even a tower clock and a signal bell. All equipment is in good condition.
14. Museum “Saved Art Values”
The museum exposition is quite unique, as it consists of values confiscated at local customs, which the attackers tried to illegally transport across the border. Here you can see paintings, jewelry, icons of the XVI - XVII centuries, objects of decorative art and other exhibits. The collection is constantly updated due to the good work of customs authorities.
15. Brest Academic Drama Theater
The dramatic scene was created in the 1940s at a time when fighting was still ongoing on the western fronts. Creative life arose in difficult conditions, but the theater quickly became popular. Not only dramatic performances are given here, but also a symphony orchestra performs and musical performances are held. Every year, the stage hosts the international festival "White Vezha".
16. Brest Regional Museum of Local Lore
Since 1948, the museum’s exposition has been located in the building of the former church of the Exaltation of St. The cross. Over time, the institution moved and acquired several branches, which included expositions located within the Brest Fortress. The museum funds contain more than 200 thousand items relating to the history, archeology and ethnography of the region. Many exhibits are unique - they are several hundred years old.
17. Museum of the History of Brest
The collection is housed in a mansion of the early XX century. It is fully devoted to the history of the city from ancient times to the postwar years. The exhibits occupy 4 halls with an area of 200 m². Among them are city coats of arms of different periods, works of contemporary artists, collections of coins, old books, documents, statues, models, maps, household items and other interesting materials.
18. St. Nicholas fraternal church
One of the most picturesque temples of the city, located on Sovetskaya Street. It was erected in 1904 at its own expense by the Synod and donations from sailors and officers participating in the Russo-Japanese War. In architectural terms, the structure is a cross-domed church in the Russian-Byzantine style with clearly expressed elements of Moscow architecture in the mid-17th century.
19. Holy Resurrection Cathedral
An Orthodox church built in 1995–98, built in honor of the Victory Day. In size, it is the largest in Brest and one of the largest in all of Belarus. Inside, at the same time can be up to 5 thousand parishioners. The cathedral was erected in the neo-Russian style, characteristic of church construction of the late XIX - early XX centuries. In 2001, a bell weighing 400 kilograms was hoisted on the bell tower of the temple.
20. Holy Simeon Cathedral
The temple of the XIX century, a monument of architecture of the Russian-Byzantine church style. The building is a five-domed church. The side towers and the central drum are mounted on a quad, one of the sides of which has a semicircular shape. The poppies are covered with gold leaf, a clock is placed on the central tower. The facade of the cathedral is painted in light green color, it is decorated with wall paintings.
21. Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
The current Catholic church, built in the middle of the XIX century. The building was built in a classic style. After the Second World War, the museum of local lore was placed in its walls, at the same time he lost some decorative elements of the facade. Since 2002, church services have resumed. As a result of a long reconstruction, the historical appearance of the structure was restored.
22. Trinity Church in Chernavchitsy
The Catholic Church of the 15th century, located about 18 km from Brest in the agro-town of Chernavchitsy. It was erected in the styles of Gothic and Renaissance. From the side, the construction is somewhat reminiscent of an impregnable fortress with thick walls. For a long time the church belonged to the Orthodox diocese, in 1918 it was returned to the Catholics. In Soviet times, there were a hospital and a school.
23. The estate of the Nemtsevichs
The architectural complex of the 18th century, built in the Baroque style. It was erected for the Nemtsevich family, from where came Julian Ursyn, a public figure and one of the creators of the Constitution of the Commonwealth. The estate is surrounded by a park created around the same time. Once it had all the elements of landscape design - ponds, gazebos, alleys, but nothing has come down to our time. On the territory of the estate itself is a museum.
24. Brest park of culture and rest
Brest Park was pitched at the beginning of the 20th century. At that time, several hundred trees and more than 4 thousand bushes were planted. To entertain the public, they built a stage and a restaurant with a veranda. Today, this place successfully continues to perform the functions of a recreation area, at any time of the year, receiving visitors. There are rides, playgrounds and cafes. Monthly activities for children are held in the park.
25. Belovezhskaya Pushcha
Biosphere reserve and national park located on the border of Poland and Belarus. It is the remains of a relict forest, which in prehistoric times covered the whole of Europe. About 1000 species of trees, shrubs and grasses, up to 600 species of mushrooms, more than 200 species of mosses grow within its boundaries. The largest bison population lives in Belovezhskaya Pushcha.
Monument to the 1000th anniversary of the city
The monument was erected to mark the 1000th anniversary of Brest 10 more years before the date. At the intersection of Sovetskaya and Gogol streets, he appeared in 2009.
Today, the composition is one of the most popular among tourists in the city. Read more here: Monument to the 1000th anniversary of the city ..
|BREST REGIONBrest district|
There is also an interactive map.
Map of Brest Attractions
P.S. You might also be interested in the topic. “Where to take a photo in Brest? Interesting courtyards »
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