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What to see in Bursa - attractions of the Turkish city

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Muradiye Complex, also known as the Sultan Murad II Complex, is located in the Turkish city of Birsa. The structure of this complex includes a mosque, a madrasah (theological seminary), a dining room (imaret), the Koran School for boys (metebi), a Turkish bath (hammam) and twelve mausoleums (turbes) belonging to the Ottoman family.

The mosque, which is the first project of the complex, was built in 1426. Like most mosques built during this period of time, it is made of brick and has a T-shape. The interior decoration is based on the use of turquoise hexagonal ceramic tiles. Two minarets rise on both sides of the mosque, one of which was rebuilt after an earthquake in the mid-19th century.

The seminary is located east of the mosque, and a little behind is the Murad II Mausoleum, built in 1427, shortly before his death. The entrance to the mausoleum is decorated with bricks, and the interior is decorated with turquoise and dark blue ceramic tiles. The remaining eleven mausoleums belong to other members of the Sultan's family, and are located south of the mosque and madrassah.

Location: Sedat Sk, Muradiye Mh., 16000 Bursa, Turkey

Coordinates: N 40.19093900, east 29.04654300

Big mosque

Ulu Jami Mosque, which is often called the Grand Mosque - the oldest in all of Turkey. Built in the 14th century, the mosque is a multi dome construction (20 domes) with two large minarets, made in the traditional Arabic style.

Building rightfully recognized as a standard of architectureand style for building mosques in the country. Tourists characterize this place as one of the must-see.

The mosque is located at the bazaar, in the very center of Bursa. Address - Kutucularboğazı Sk Nalbantoğlu Mh., 16000 Bursa.

Green mosque

One of the key attractions of Bursa is a small religious building, built almost in the middle of the XV century. Prayer room faced with green shades of marble, in connection with which the mosque was called Green. Its main entrance and facade are made of snow-white marble. Right before the prayers, visitors enter the room in front of the main hall where large pool with installed marble fountainwhere the ablution takes place.

Since the mosque is considered the most valuable historical monument of the city, travelers are very interested in it and according to many of them, this place really impresses with its amazing atmosphere.

Address - Yesil Mosque Nalbantoğlu Mh., 16010 Bursa.

Green mausoleum

The tomb of Sultan Mehmet I and his sons is one of the most beautiful and most famous historical monuments among tourists in Bursa. Octahedron crowned with a cone-shaped dome and decorated with green and turquoise tiles. A distinctive feature of the tomb is its interior decoration: decorated altar and entrance door with original wood carvings. According to tourists, the luxurious decoration is truly impressive.

Address - Yeşil Mh., 16360 Bursa.

Another interesting sight of the city is Muradiye. it historical complexincluding mosque, theological seminary, park, hammam, canteen, school of the Koran and 12 mausoleums princes and sultans of the early Ottoman period.

The most interesting of the buildings on the territory is considered the Murat II Mosque, erected in 1426. Brick building has a T-shape, on both sides there are 2 minarets. For the interior decoration of the mosque was used ceramic tiles in a rich turquoise hue.

Address - Sedat Sk Muradiye Mh., 16000 Bursa. A.

Sultan Emir Mosque

The Muslim temple Sultan Emir was erected in the XIV century, rebuilt in 1804 and rebuilt 60 years after the earthquake that damaged it, in connection with which its original appearance was somewhat changed. Construction completed in the spirit of the Ottoman Rococo, surrounded by fountains built in the XIV-XVIII centuries. These days it is one of the most popular Muslim pilgrimage sites countries.

Address - Emir Sultan Mosque Emirsultan Mh., 16360 Bursa / Bursa Province.

Archaeological Museum

Archaeological Museum Collection unique objects whose agex is not less than 5000 years. In the main hall, visitors can see axes made of bronze and stone, clay objects, jewelry, vessels, etc. The museum is open daily from 8.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. (break from 12.00 to 13.00). Entrance fee - 5 lire.

Museum visitors believe that exposition will seem interesting to both adults and children school age, already studying the basics of history.

Address - Gaziakdemir Mh, Çekirge Cd. - 4/11.

The arch bridge of Irgandi (XIII century) is located on the way to the plain from the Setbashi bridge over the Gökdere pond. Originally stone arch with one arch located on its territory 3 dozen shops. In the middle of the XIX century. he was seriously injured after the bombing during the Greek occupation and for almost half a century was completely closed.

Now restored bridge is the oldest of the world's covered bridges. On its territory there are small shops where the works of local artisans are presented.

Address - Gökdere Bulvari, Yildirim, Bursa.

Jumalyk

Small authentic village with the long name Jumalyk located 10 km from the city. Due to the fact that to this day the old narrow cobblestone streets and more than two hundred houses built during the Ottoman Empire have been preserved, an indescribable historical atmosphere reigns here.

For your information! In 1980, the settlement was taken under state protection, and just a few years ago, by the decision of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Bursa and Jumalykizyk were included in the list of objects that are of particular cultural and historical value.

Jumalykizyk is located at the foot of Uludag Mountain east of Bursa. Tourists note that visiting the village is best in summer, when old houses are ennobled by lush vegetation.

Mineral water

The city of Bursa and the eponymous district are famous for their healing mineral springs. Their total number is 3 drinking and 8 healing thermal springs with calcium-magnesium-sulfate and bicarbonate salt composition. The temperature of the medicinal water is from +39 to +58 degrees.

In the western suburbs of Bursa - Chekirgeare mineral springsbeating directly from the slopes. Among them, popular with tourists from all over the world. Kaplydzha, Eski Kaplidzha, Kara Mustafa Pasha swimming pool.

In the mountain gorge, located about 80 km from the city, is located the source of Yalova. The water temperature here reaches 60 degrees. In a picturesque valley, near Mount Uludag, there is another source - Oilat.

What places are suitable for independent study?

In a city with a long history, tourists can independently discover a number of attractions, among which Big and Green Mosques, Green Mausoleum, Archaeological Museum.

History buffs will also be interested in visiting Museum of Turkish Islamic ArtThe exposition of which is made up of coins, collections of embroidered fabrics, Quranes, ceremonial robes of the 12th-19th centuries.

Where is it better to go with a guided tour?

For exploring the city is a great option sightseeing tour of Bursa. The program of the tour, as a rule, in addition to visiting key attractions includes free time in the central part of the city with the opportunity to visit bazaar goat khan, preserved from the Ottoman period, textile and souvenir shops.

Photo and description

From 1365 to 1385, an imperial complex was built in Bursa by order of Sultan Murad I, which includes a mosque with a madrassah and a zaviya of dervishes, an imaret, a fountain-sebil, a turbot, a hamam and a metebi (a school for studying the Koran for boys). For work at a construction site, the Sultan allocated his prisoners. The name of the architect is unknown, but it is believed that he was captured by the soldiers of the Sultan and was Italian.

A visit to the complex begins with a walk through the courtyard with cypress trees and a beautiful fountain. A small walkway leads to a mosque with columns and four windows. The base of the structure has an inverted T-shape. During the construction of the building, a slab-shaped brick and many columns with carved capitals were used. Through the richly decorated door, the visitor enters a delightful interior room, the ceiling of which is lined with very rare and beautiful tiles. The interior of the mosque is decorated with bizarre Arabic inscriptions and a golden altar. In some places, gilding was damaged by both time and external precipitation. Interesting architecture and original details of the building (galleries of the facade and the second floor, window openings) amaze with their style and give the mosque a great resemblance to the palace. A later addition to the mosque is the only minaret located in the northwest corner of the building. It is very similar to a small tower of the famous Italian palazzo.

Despite the fact that the mosque has very spacious rooms for prayer, rooms for students were provided here. Sixteen rooms of the second floor, located along the external walls of the building, were madrassas and had access to a U-shaped internal balcony, from which you can see the central hall of the first floor.

In the garden of the complex there are ten polygonal convex tombs belonging to the Sultan and his family members. Turbe, located opposite the mosque, was built after the death in 1389 of Murad I on the orders of his son - Sultan Bayazid I.

For lighting in the mosque of Murad I used to use oil lamps and this has repeatedly led to a fire. The construction has recently been restored. An interesting fact is that almost all the famous thinkers of Bursa studied at a madrasah located on the second floor of the mosque.

Vlore: useful information

Not far from Flag Square is an old mosque. It is believed that it was built in 1542. However, the exact age of this structure is not known. Recent studies of this monument say that in 1542 the mosque was significantly rebuilt.

During the construction of the mosque, bricks and hewn stone blocks were used, which the builders alternated among themselves. The simple, laconic silhouette of the building was decorated with a domed drum and traditionally shaped windows. At first the mosque had a porch, but later it collapsed.

The interior of the mosque on google-panorama

Externally, the temple resembles Istanbul mosques by the architect Mimar Sinan. There is a legend that it was he who was engaged in large-scale reconstruction of the cult building on the orders of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, who ruled then in the Ottoman Empire. The interior of the mosque is small, consists of a prayer hall and a minaret, which is built into the wall.

The mosque is functioning. It hosts services and is open to tourists. It is better to attend a mosque in the morning or during those hours when there is no prayer service. Appearance of clothes should not contradict the rules of visiting the temple.

You can get to the mosque by bus along Ismail Kemal Boulevard or walk from the port of Vlora along the same boulevard. The mosque is located opposite the flower market.

Muradiye Mosque on google-panorama

City of Bursa (Turkey)

Bursa is a city in the north-west of Turkey, the fourth largest in the country after Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir. Located between the coast of the Sea of ​​Marmara and winter resorts in the mountains of Uludag. Bursa is the first capital of the Ottoman Empire, a city with a rich historical and cultural heritage. Most attractions relate to the early period of the Ottoman Empire. Bursa is famous for its historical atmosphere, peaches, chestnuts and silk. The ancient settlements of the Seljuks and Ottomans are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Geography and climate

Bursa is located in the northwest of Anatolia on the northwest slopes of Uludag. The city is located in the southern part of the Sea of ​​Marmara, about 20 km from its coast. The climate is Mediterranean with hot summers and cool winters. Negative temperatures and snow are not frequent.

Bursa

Practical information

  1. The population is more than 1.8 million people.
  2. Area - 1,036 km 2.
  3. Currency is Turkish Lira.
  4. Visa - for up to 60 days, it is enough to have a passport, the validity of which is more than four months from the date of entry into Turkey.
  5. Language is Turkish.
  6. Time is Central European UTC +2, in the summer +3.

Best time to visit

Bursa is one of the best cities in Turkey that can be visited all year round. In the off-season, you can enjoy comfortable weather and exploring the sights of the city and the region, in the summer - go to the mountains or on the coast of the Sea of ​​Marmara, in winter - to the winter resorts of Uludag.

The first settlements in the vicinity of Bursa arose 5,200 years ago. In Antiquity, the ancient Greek city of Sius was founded here, which in 202 BC was renamed Prusa. In the 1st century BC, the city began to belong to the Romans. After the collapse of the Roman Empire from the 4th to the 14th century it was part of Byzantium.

In 1326, Bursa was conquered by the Ottomans and became the first capital of their state. After the conquest of Edirne (Adrianople) in East Thrace in 1363, the capital was moved there. During the Ottoman period, Bursa continued to be an important city in which most silk products were produced.

Night Bursa

In 1855, the city was badly damaged by earthquakes and fires. In 1920, during the Greek-Turkish war, was captured by the Greeks. In 1922, the city was returned to Turkey. After the founding of the Republic of Turkey, Bursa became one of the main industrial centers of the country. This has caused rapid population and economic growth, which has turned the city into one of the largest in terms of population in Turkey.

Sights

Bursa is an ancient city that combines a historical atmosphere and modernity. The heart of the old city is the area from the square with the equestrian statue of Ataturk to the silk bazaar and the Ulu Kami Mosque. Here are located most of the main attractions of Bursa.

Ulu Kami

Ulu Kami or the Great Mosque is one of the most important historical structures of Bursa and the most interesting sights of the city. It was built in 1399 and is one of the most prominent examples of Seljuk religious architecture in Anatolia, which is strikingly different from the later Ottoman architecture. The mosque has 20 small domes and two huge minarets. The interior contains intricate woodcarvings and calligraphy panels.

Green mosque

The Green Mosque is a small religious building built in the style of early Ottoman architecture between 1412 and 1419 for Sultan Mehmet I. The green mosque was named because of the shades of the internal tiles. Inside, the building is decorated with sophisticated carved marble and calligraphy. Nearby is the tomb of Mehmet I and the Museum of Islamic and Turkish Culture.

Green tomb

The Green Tomb is the tomb of Mehmet I, built in the 15th century. This is a small octagonal building with a rich interior design.

Muradiye

Muradiye is a historical complex with a park and an ancient cemetery, on which the sultans and princes of the early Ottoman state are buried. One of the most interesting buildings is the Murat II Mosque, built in 1426.

Hisar

Hisar is an ancient citadel, which is part of the oldest district of the city - Tophane. From the old fortress there were only sections of defensive walls. Also, many beautiful historic houses of the Ottoman period and the tombs of Ottoman Gazi and Orhan Gazi, the founders of the Ottoman dynasty, have been preserved here.

Tophane Tower

Tophane Clock Tower is located near the tombs of Osman Gazi and Orhan Gazi in the old citadel inside the destroyed city walls. The original structure was built during the reign of Sultan Abdulaziz (between 1861 and 1876) and was later destroyed. The new tower was erected in 1904.She looks at the city from the edge of the cliff and is illuminated at night.

Irgandi

Irgandi is an arched bridge built in 1442 during the reign of Murat II. Its most interesting feature is the presence of a bazaar, which makes the bridge look like a Ponte Vecchio in Florence.

Jumalyk

Jumalykyzyk (Cumalıkızık) is a small village with a stunning historical atmosphere 10 km from Bursa. The original old cobblestone streets and more than 200 houses of the Ottoman period, which still have original forged elements, have been preserved here.

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