In the first place we have the Tower of London fortress - one of the main symbols of London and the whole of Great Britain with a thousand-year history. The fortress contains many stories, mysterious legends and secrets. And this is not surprising, because the fortress was not only the home of kings, but it also had a prison, a zoo, a mint, a royal arsenal and much more, which will undoubtedly arouse your interest.
The closest metro stations are Tower Hill station - District Line and London Bridge station - Northern Line. Tour price: from 20 pounds. You can buy a ticket to the Tower of London at this link.
In second place is the famous movable Tower Bridge, which is located directly above the Tower fortress and is a brilliant example of Victorian engineering. The bridge is bred 2 or 3 times a day, passing huge ships on the Thames, like several centuries ago. An excursion inside the towers is also possible, where an amazing view opens from the very top.
The closest metro stations are Tower Hill station - District Line and London Bridge station - Northern Line. Tour cost: up to 20 pounds. You can buy a ticket in advance for Tower Bridge here.
The London Eye (London Eye) - this giant Ferris wheel on the south bank of the Thames offers a breathtaking view from a height of 135 m. This is one of the most modern attractions of the city can simultaneously accept up to 800 visitors.
Nearest underground stations: Westminster station (Westminster station - Jubilee Line, District and Circle Lines), Imbankment (Embankment station - Northern Line, Jubilee line, Bakerloo line, District and Circle lines), Charing Cross (Northern line, Bakerloo line Cost: up to 18 pounds You can buy a ticket and avoid the huge queue for the London Eye at this link.
London Story Example (Topic about London)
Any text is more coherent if you write (tell) it based on a previously prepared plan. We have compiled for you a list of several points that are important to highlight in our story about London. You can adhere to the classic division of the story into three main parts:
What is this city? How old is London? What is his story? It is enough to answer the last question with a couple of interesting facts.
What is London famous for and what can you see there? Of course, in the list of attractions it is important to name the most famous monuments, such as Big Ben, but it is important to add something personally from yourself.
In conclusion, you can express your personal attitude to the city.
London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. London is one of the largest cities in the world. It was founded by Romans more than two thousand years ago, so one of the oldest towns in the world.
London historic sites
London is one of the tourist capitals of the world. In addition, the city has a very rich history and, as in any old tourist city, in London there are many attractions that must be visited by any tourist. We tried to find 10 attractions for you, some of which are included in the list of the most visited places in London, while others are not found in every travel booklet.
- Big Ben
Big Ben is the tourist name for the clock tower of Westminster Palace. The official name of the tower is Elizabeth Tower. Big Ben is one of the most popular symbols of Great Britain; it is it that is most often used in advertising, souvenirs and to create the image of England in films.
Bridge Millennium (London Millenium Footbridge)
Pedestrian bridge over the Thames. The bridge was built in honor of the onset of the new millennium, hence its name.
Free lesson on the topic:
Irregular English verbs: table, rules and examples
Fans of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s work know that Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson lived at 221b Baker Street. Since 1990, a house museum dedicated to the great detective has been located at this address in London.
The London Eye is one of the largest Ferris wheels in Europe. Located in the Lambeth region, on the south bank of the Thames. From the height of the wheel (135 meters), a view of almost all of London.
Tower of London (Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress, Tower of London)
The Tower is one of London's oldest buildings, a fortress that occupies an important place in English history.
“Throughout its history, the Tower of London was a fortress, a palace, a storehouse of royal jewels, an arsenal, a mint, a prison, an observatory, a zoo, a place that attracted tourists”
Duke of Edinburgh
One of the oldest cemeteries in London, where many famous people are buried, including Karl Marx, Douglas Adams and John Galsworthy. A lot of legends and urban tales are associated with the Highgate cemetery, which is partly due to the novel "Dracula", most of which took place there.
The official London residence of the British monarchs. Now belongs to Elizabeth II. When the queen is in the palace, the royal standard flutters over his roof.
Hyde Park is a royal park in the very center of London. For the British, this is a traditional place for festivities, celebrations and political rallies.
Trafalgar Square is the same place in the center of London where the three most important streets of Westminster - Whitehall, Mall and Strand - converge. On Trafalgar Square, demonstrations, rallies, and mass holidays are held.
London National Gallery (The National Gallery)
The London National Gallery is located on Trafalgar Square. The gallery has collected more than 2000 samples of Western European painting of the XIII - early XX century. The London National Gallery is one of the three most visited art museums in the world.
We begin our journey with the iconic sights of London.
London, despite its tranquility and measured lifestyle, attracts the attention of not only tourists, but also migrants from Europe. The population of Great Britain is only 44% of the indigenous people, while the rest are attracted by romantic rainy weather, beautiful architecture, Michelin-starred restaurants and trendy shops known throughout the world.
If you want to hear the correct and beautiful English speech, imbued with the history of England and see the sights of London with your own eyes, this city will best convey to you the noble and elegant atmosphere of this amazing country.
Big Ben is a clock tower, which appeared in London, a city whose residents so value punctuality. Built back in 1288, the building is famous for its one hundred meter high and amazing accuracy of time transmission - the error does not exceed more than two seconds per day.
It is interesting that the watchman, during whose work the watch was once late for one second, was about to be fired. Big Ben is a symbol of England, it is against his background that television reporters begin to conduct news programs and, under his ring, celebrate the New Year in London.
We offer you to get acquainted with the sights of the whole of Great Britain. It will be exciting!
View on the map
The British initially considered the Tower Bridge to be ridiculous and ugly, but now it is impossible to imagine England without this landmark of London, which is rightly considered the main decoration of the city. The architect, inspired by the Gothic culture of the Victorian era, began its construction in 1886.
He got this name due to the fact that it has a similar design with the Tower of London, which is nearby. 8 years after the start of construction, the Prince of Wales himself and his wife attended the opening ceremony.
View on the map
The Tower of London was built as a castle for King William, but under the rule of the Tudor dynasty it became a dungeon for the two wives of King Henry VIII, and later became a prison for other prisoners. The Tower gained a sad reputation due to the 22 executions that took place here, according to official sources.
At one time, this building functioned as a mint and a royal menagerie. Now here is the armory, royal jewelry of the seventeenth century, including crowns and scepters. And the black crows flying here, to this day are considered the guardians of a mysterious, and in the dark even a sinister tower.
View on the map
Westminster Abbey is of great historical value to tourists and residents of the city - in this monastery was the coronation of all the rulers of England. Now the abbey serves as a tomb for many famous personalities - Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, David Livingstone and other prominent people. A curious feature of this place are also casts taken from the faces of royal families of all generations.
View on the map
Palace of Westminster - a castle whose history began back in 1042, has always served as a home for royal families. This building has only been possible to visit since 2004, so if you want to visit its oldest parts, it is better to do this at the end of August, as the British Parliament sits there throughout the year. Here ceremonies are held, at which Queen Elizabeth II herself is present.
Buckingham Palace currently serves as the residence for the Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II, and in the 18th century it was built for the Duke of Buckingham, who was later bought from him by the King of England, George III, and settled there with his family.
But more than others, Queen Victoria contributed to the decoration of this palace, than glorified it and made it one more must-see attraction in London. More than 800 apartments, magnificent gardens, restaurants, police and hospitals have made the palace almost the whole city for royal authority.
View on the map
Kensington Palace was built back in 1605 by the Earl of Nottingham. Queen Victoria was born in the palace, and later he became a residence for Princess Diana and Prince Charles. Many of its parts can be visited - the reception hall, apartments of Queen Mary II, the royal wardrobe of the youngest daughter of Charles I, the famous 18th-century fashionista Anna Stuart, and beautiful gardens at the palace.
View on the map
St. Paul's Cathedral is one of the tallest buildings in the world, whose dome is 118 meters high. Now here is the residence of the Bishop of London. The life story of the cathedral begins in the XVIII century, when it had to be reconstructed after the bombing during the Second World War.
View on the map
The British Museum of the History and Culture of Mankind was founded in 1753 and contains more than 50 thousand paintings, sculptures and other objects of art that testify to the development of England from the era of Ancient Egypt. The museum has more than 100 exhibition halls, and what can not but please its visitors - museums in London are free, so you can safely allocate a few days to study the exhibits.
View on the map
Hampton Court is a palace donated to King Henry VIII in 1529, the interior of which was commissioned by the monarch himself. Later, the building served as the residence for King William III, and now it houses the Royal Chapel, where services are held. There are many mystical stories about this London landmark and there is even a Hampton Court ghost book.
It is believed that the spirits of wives who did not die of their own death still roam the castle, but the most sinister is King Henry III, who appears only during a thunderstorm. For children, a labyrinth of shrubs almost two meters high and costumed performances will be interesting.
Useful words and phrases
There are a number of words, names of expressions that can be used to make the story about the history and sights of London come out figurative and complete. We have prepared for you a table with 20 such words and phrases with translation.
|English word / expression||Russian translation|
|Changing of the Guard||Changing of the guard|
|The Royal Family||The royal family|
|tea party at 5 o’clock||5 o’clock tea|
|historical place||historical place|
|british accent||British accent|
|Sunday lunch||Sunday roast|
|Anglo-Saxon / Anglo-Saxon||Anglo-saxon|
|Royal Borough Greenwich||Royal borough of greenwich|
|Misty Albion||Misty albion|
Blogs and sites about London:
- Londonist is perhaps the most popular site about the capital of Great Britain, with which you can plan your weekend in London or watch a video.
- The London Foodie and LondonEater are blogs about restaurants, bars and food courts throughout the city.
- Secret London is a blog about secret places in London that will save you if you get bored with the familiar ones.
- London Historians is a blog for anyone interested in the rich history of London. Each month there are about three author's articles with boring excursions into the past.
- IanVisits - a digest of the most interesting upcoming events and an overview of past ones - from a lecture on post-war London to gastrovechors in a scientific laboratory.
- Julian McDonnell - a real find for a tourist. Funny videos will help you navigate the city and build your route. Julian is like a real English gentleman in all his videos in a suit and in a bowler hat.
- Incredibly colorful videos of important events in London, sightseeing reviews and just walking along London streets are all on Roberts London's blog.
- The Love and London blog contains all kinds of life hacks and practical tips: what to remember to bring with you, which transport card to buy, which hotel to stay at and what you can save on.
- The authors of Londonist Ltd are preparing a video on many typically London topics, among which there is a video about London's black taxis - cabs.
Everyone who has visited the capital of Great Britain has different impressions of this city. One remembers a pompous tourist center with the main attractions of London, the other - unpredictable shopping in the markets, and still others are fascinated by the residents of the capital. The last category also includes the hero of Jack Kerouac’s book “Angels of Desolation,” who remembered London cats - why not residents?
What amazed me as much as anything were the fat calm tabby cats of London some of whom slept peacefully right in the doorway of butcher shops as people stepped over them carefully ... I felt London was blessed by its kind regard for cats.
What astounded me almost as much as the rest was the calm tabby cats of London, some of whom were sleeping peacefully right in the doors of butchers, and people carefully stepped through them ... I felt that London was blessed with its kind attitude towards cats.
If you have watched a video for a long time and read articles about traveling to London, but you yourself have not yet been to the capital of England, our teachers can prepare you for the trip! The English course for traveling is designed specifically for those of you who want to learn how to communicate with employees of airports, hotels and other travel agencies in English.
Buckingham Palace - Her Majesty's residence is open to visitors for only a few weeks a year in August and September. You will feel like guests of the Queen in her palace, which consists of 775 rooms, strewn with family treasures and elegant furniture, decorated with paintings by Rembrandt and Canaletto, as well as stroll through the flowering palace garden.
Nearest metro stations: Victoria (Victoria station - Victoria line, District and Circle line), St. James Park station - District and Circle line, Hyde Park Corner station - Piccadilly line. Tour price: up to 19 pounds.
Trafalgar Square (Trafalgar Squere) - a square in the center of London, where the 3 main streets of Westminister intersect. In the center of the square is the column of Admiral Nelson, surrounded by huge sculptures of lions and fountains.Also on this square is the famous London National Gallery, where you can absolutely free to enjoy the works of Van Gogh and Pablo Picasso.
Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross station (Northern line, Bakerloo line
Covent Garden (Covent Garden) - a district located around the former fruit and vegetable market, is now one of the main attractions of the city and is filled with small craft shops and brand boutiques along narrow stone streets. There are many other interesting places around the market, such as the London Transport Museum or the Royal Opera House, also known as Covent Garden
Nearest metro stations: Covent Garden - Piccadilly line, Charing Cross station - Northern line, Bakerloo line
St Paul's Cathedral
St. Paul's Cathedral - the Anglican Cathedral dedicated to the Apostle Paul, is not only a symbol of the clergy and the residence of the Bishop of London, but also a tomb for many famous personalities of Great Britain.
Nearest underground stations: St. Paul’s station - Central Line. Cost: 16 pounds. You can buy a ticket to St. Paul’s Cathedral here.
London is a real treasure for lovers of museums and galleries, there are a great many of them. You can get to know the culture and art of Great Britain closer if you look at least at some of them.
The British Museum (British Museum) - is the main historical and archaeological center of Great Britain and one of the largest museums in the world. The museum is rich not only in its exhibits, collected from around the world and from all historical times of the great British Empire, but also in the incredible architecture of the museum itself, with an unusually beautiful glass ceiling and marble columns.
Nearest metro stations: Tottenham Court Road station - Central Line, Northern Line, Holborn station - Central line. Cost: Free
I would like to conclude this list as a place that is more suitable for young visitors to the city who are tired of walking in historical places and want to see a slightly different life in London. Camden Town, located around the old grocery market along a small canal, is now the center of liberal youth who prefer rock music and leather jackets, skateboards and bicycles, tattoos and piercings.
The nearest metro stations: Camden Town station (northern line), Mornington Crescent station (Northern line).
The rest of the sights of London you will find in our special section. If you decide to see as much as possible, then use our tips on how to avoid queues at museums and sights in London.
2 Tower Fortress
Perhaps the most important symbol of Great Britain is the Tower! This fortress was built in the XI century by the famous King William the Conqueror. Since then, the Tower participated in all the important events of the country, and was a prison, a fortress, a palace, a mint and even a zoo. Here Anna Boleyn, Katherine Howard, Thomas More and other famous personalities were waiting for their execution. Near the Tower you can immediately visit the bridge!
3 Tower Bridge
No less famous than the Tower, the bridge located near this ancient building. This drawbridge has a characteristic design that has long been a symbol of Great Britain. The 244-meter-long bridge is divided into spans by two towers of 65-meter height. It was built in 1894, and at that time had a very interesting hydraulic water system. Now on the Tower Bridge there are still galleries that are open to visitors.
Another integral part of London is the Big Ben Tower, and officially since 2012, the Elizabeth Tower. This part of the Palace of Westminster attracts tourists separately, because it is the third largest watch in the world. The tower is made in the neo-Gothic style, which attracts fans of this style in architecture. And the nostalgic simply want to admire the main symbol of London, which has been seen so much in the pictures! By the way, Big Ben is one of the bells inside the tower, and not herself.
Big Ben is part of the equally famous building - the Palace of Westminster. Here important decisions are made for the country, because it is in this building that the British Parliament sits. Therefore, it is often called simply - Parliament. Until 1529, the place was the residence of the English monarchs, but the modern building was built in the middle of the XIX century. Parliament has a characteristic neo-Gothic style.
6 Hard Rock Cafe
Near Hyde Park and Piccadilly Circus there is a cafe where all lovers of rock music flock. Now the network of the famous Hard Rock Café is located around the world, but the first cafe appeared in London. This happened in 1971, in the building of the Rolls-Royce car dealership. The cafe has a huge collection of music artifacts from around the world, as well as amazing atmosphere!
7 Warner Bros. Studio
One of the good reasons that attracts tourists to London is to see the world of Harry Potter with their own eyes. Who did not dream to visit Hogwarts? After the filming was completed, the film studio turned into a museum, the real dream of Potteroman. Everything is here, Dumbledore’s office, Gryffindor’s living room, Diagon Alley, Hogwarts model and even creamy beer!
8 London Eye
For fans of extreme sports, an excursion to the largest ferris wheel in Europe, the London Eye, is ideal. From a height of 135 meters, you can see all of London at a glance with all the surroundings. True, this is if the day is sunny! The design fit perfectly into the historical appearance of the city and became one of its symbols.
10 Oxford Street
Lovers of fashionable shops and busy traffic are best off walking along Oxford Street. This street is one of the most famous in London and the most important in the historic Westminster district. This street is especially beautiful in November, because every year it is decorated with Christmas garlands. Celebrities solemnly include street lighting, which pleases tourists for several months.
11 Museum of Natural History
Fans of botany and zoology should definitely visit the Natural History Museum in London. This huge building contains more than 6 million plants, 9 million specimens of paleontology, 55 million specimens of animals. The museum was founded in 1881 by the collection of Dr. Hans Sloan. Of particular interest is the collection of dinosaur skeletons, for example, a mechanical model of a tyrannosaurus.
12 National Gallery
But in third place in attendance is the museum on Trafalgar Square, which everyone calls the National Gallery. The building houses a huge collection of European paintings, from the 13th century to the 20th century. The gallery will be a real discovery for art lovers, because here you can find the masterpieces of Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, Van Gogh and other artists.
13 Victoria and Albert Museum
For lovers of design and arts and crafts, the Victoria and Albert Museum is perfect. Its walls contain a huge collection of sculptures, ceramics, designer items, photographs, fabrics and other types of applied art. By the way, admission to this museum, like almost everyone else, is free!
15 Piccadilly Circus
But Piccadilly Circus is famous for being the tourist center of the capital. A walk in central London will be unforgettable! This square connects three streets - Shaftsbury Avenue, Regent Street and Piccadilly Street. A distinctive feature of Piccadilly Circus - a huge number of neon signs, because of which it is called the "neon heart of the capital." The Amur Museum is located on the square, as well as many trendy shops.
16 Madame Tussauds
Of course, Madame Tussauds museums are located in nineteen cities around the world. But the most important museum, which was founded by the craftswoman in 1835, is located in London. Amazing copies of prominent wax people became popular all over the world and glorified the name of Maria Tussauds! The museum is located next to the London Planetarium.
17 Tate Britain and Tate Modern
Two more museums for art lovers are Tate Britain and Tate Modern. The first is located near the Parliament building and is a collection of important national masterpieces. But in the gallery Tate Modern is a contemporary British art. The famous Millennium Bridge leads to the gallery entrance.
And here is the Millennium Bridge, which can be seen in the sixth Harry Potter movie. For the sake of this unusual sight, the Potterians fans are ready to walk across the bridge. By the way, it has an interesting story and two opening dates. For the first time, in 2000, during the opening ceremony, he began to stagger. Therefore, the bridge was closed and reopened only in 2002.
19 Globe Theater
Globe Theater is one of the important historical values of London. Usually this name is associated with three buildings. The first was built in 1599, and it was there that Shakespeare's first works were staged. It burned down in 1613, and was recreated in 1614. True, in 1642 it was again destroyed, and it was possible to restore it according to the descriptions only in 1997. Now everyone can visit the theater, looking exactly like under Shakespeare!
20 Westminster Abbey
This abbey is a World Heritage Site, so it is a must visit. This Gothic church has been the site of the coronation and repose of the kings of England for many centuries. The abbey was founded in 1065, and from that time it was periodically rebuilt until 1745.
21 Hyde Park
In the center of London you can stroll through the royal park. Hyde Park has a long history, and was opened to the public in the XVII century. The British here traditionally organize festivities, rallies, holidays, and exhibitions. On the vast territory of the park, 1.4 square meters. km There are many interesting buildings, for example, a gallery near Lake Serpentayn, a statue of Achilles or a corner of speakers.
24 Residence of the Prime Minister of Great Britain
The famous address of Downing Street 10 is known to many who are familiar with British politics and are interested in the life of this country. Since 1905, the residence of the British Prime Ministers has been located here. The house is located in Westminster, it has approximately 100 rooms. The house originally consisted of three buildings that were combined in the XVII century. Prime ministers often lived in the building, so it has a small secret - the door opens only from the inside.
25 Royal Botanic Garden
Fans of botany should definitely visit the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Here is the largest collection of living plants, more than 30 thousand exhibits. Here you can see 7 million samples in the herbarium, which is considered one of the largest in the world. The gardens are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This name can often be heard in connection with the mention of the British government. Not surprisingly, Whitehall Street runs straight from the Parliament building to Trafalgar Square. If Oxford Street is rich in fashionable shops, then Whitehall is simply dotted with ministerial buildings and offices. Important decisions for the UK are made on this street!
27 Kensington Palace
You can touch the royal life by visiting the Kensington Palace. Now it is the residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, and Kate Middleton is declared the official mistress. Compared to other residences, it is rather modest, but interesting, since it has a long history. It was owned by Queen Victoria, Princess Diana, and now Kate.
28 The Shard Skyscraper
At the time of opening in 2012, this skyscraper was the highest not only in the UK, but throughout Europe. Now it is the fifth tallest among European buildings. Its height of 310 meters (87 floors) and the modern look of the building at one time caused heated debate among the public. However, over the years, this skyscraper not only did not spoil the image of the city, but also became one of its symbols. The name of the high-rise building is translated as a “splinter”, as its glass sparkles in the sun.
29 Mary Ax Tower
The skyscraper of Mary Ax among Londoners is called a cucumber or gherkin. Such a ridiculous name for this 180-meter building (40 floors) was given from the dark green glass of the floors. Surprisingly, the full glass structure has no corners at all. And from the top of the skyscraper, a stunning panorama of London opens.
30 Platform 9 ¾
In addition to the Harry Potter Museum, a real Potteroman is simply obliged to visit the famous 9 ¾ platform! This place, which opens the door to the magical world, as in the book, is located at Kings Cross Station. This platform really exists, there is even a souvenir shop and free scarves from faculty colors. Near the platform there is even a special person who can support your scarf on weight while you are taking pictures!
These are not all the amazing places you can visit in London. The capital of Great Britain is famous for the mass of memorable points that have a rich history!
Like the article? Support our project and share with your friends!