Palanga has a lot of attractions. One of the most favorite and popular places among foreign tourists is the Amber Museum. In addition, the museum is one of the branches of the Art Museum of Lithuania.
The Amber Museum began its work in the Tyszkiewicz Palace on August 3, 1963. The museum is located in 15 rooms with a total area of approximately 750 square meters. meters. The museum was opened after Count Felix Tyszkiewicz restored his palace in the late 1950s. Opening the museum, the count further increased the popularity and glory of his estate. The palace of the Tyszkiewicz family is a historical landmark built at the end of the 19th century.
As you know, amber is rightfully considered to be Lithuanian gold. It is still found in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea. For this reason, the Amber Museum, located in the western part of Lithuania on the Baltic Sea, is incredibly popular. The Lithuanian Museum has a huge collection of amber, which tells the story of the origin of Lithuanian gold, whose age is more than 40 million years. The Amber Museum in Lithuania is considered the only museum in the world that is so rich in the expensive, amazing and unique collection of amber inclusive.
The Amber Museum has fifteen halls that display expositions of amber products. The number of stone specimens is four and a half thousand stones, including amber, brought from all over the world. The museum’s exposition is thought out and organized in such a way that museum visitors can get to know not only the diverse and numerous types of amber, but also learn about the extraction of “Baltic gold”, as well as about its processing.
The total number of the collection is 20 thousand various items that are in the museum's vaults, and four and a half thousand amber stones are on display. The collection demonstrates how amber was formed in the evolutionary process, and also shows its role in the historical and cultural development of mankind. You can learn about “Baltic gold” almost everything, for example, how the appearance of amber from the resin of amber-bearing pines occurred, because this process took place several tens of millions of years ago.
Also, in the museum, each visitor will be able to find out what the color depends on, as well as the transparency of amber and in what ways it can be mined. Of considerable interest among all the exhibits are fragments of plants, amber stones that fell into amber and froze there forever, which is represented by a wonderful collection of inclusions or inclusions.
The Amber Museum has items and jewelry made from “sun stone”. All products were created by outstanding craftsmen for four centuries: from the 17th to the 20th century.
Every year, at the end of July, concert nights devoted to classical music, which are called "Night Serenades," are held at the site of the Amber Museum.
The Amber Museum in Palanga is one of the most amazing and rare museums in the world, which has a huge number of amazing copies. In addition, in the museum you can not only see unique works, but also purchase your favorite stones or objects made from amber.
Amber Museums in Russia
In Kaliningrad and St. Petersburg, there are museums that display samples of coniferous coniferous resin. 1st opened since 1985, 2nd - from 2018. In the Kaliningrad region, 2 museums are located in the village of Yantarny:
- on the territory of the amber plant - "Amber Chamber",
- "Amber Castle" - is located in the castle building of the XIV century.
Amber museums can be visited on their own or with a guide.
Museum in Kaliningrad
For the construction of the country's first amber museum, Kaliningrad was not chosen by chance - it is here that the largest gem deposit and stone processing factory are located.
The Amber Museum is located at: Marshal Vasilevsky Square, 1. On this site is a historical object - a tower with a height of 12 meters, a width of 34 meters, built in 1853 in honor of Field Marshal F.K. Don, who participated in the war with Napoleon. It consists of three aboveground and one underground tiers, some of which are occupied by amber exhibitions.
- 2 halls with a constant composition of stands and samples of stones,
- 2 halls with changing expositions,
- jewelry shops
- office space.
On the 2nd floor of the tower is the 1st museum hall. The exposition is permanent, it tells about the history of the gem, the role in culture and life of different peoples, processing methods, properties.
Hall 1 stores unique instances:
- amber weighing 4280 g,
- stone weighing 3000 g
- a gem containing rounded holes - traces of tree branches,
- amber, which is a shell and having inside a large drop of hardened resin,
- 16th century decorative plates of Germanic origin,
- table decorations, caskets and caskets made by masters of past years, recreated in the XX century,
- model of the atomic icebreaker "Lenin".
In the 2nd and 3rd halls of the museum are temporary exhibitions. The average term for placing songs is a month, at the request of visitors this time can be extended to a year. The subjects of the exhibitions are diverse:
- the work of fashion designers whose dresses are decorated with amber,
- volumetric figures.
In the 3rd hall there are always:
- souvenir shop,
- mineral processing machine, which is a converted old-style sewing machine,
- a glass container resembling an aquarium, in which sand with small gems is poured, if desired, any visitor can try to find a piece of amber as a keepsake.
The 4th hall is a collection of original works by masters of modernity and the last century, made of amber in combination with other materials - gold, silver, wood. The most outstanding exhibits:
- caravel "Santa Maria", 2010,
- Cuckoo watches, 2010
- composition "Orchestra", 2009,
- piano, 1921
The courtyard can be accessed through the main entrance to the museum. On a small area fenced with brick walls, sculptures and compositions are located:
- "Amber Catchers,"
- The Gauja Bird
- "Grandma Homlin,"
- Miracle Fish
- "Grandfather Brownie."
Watch the video blog on the topic:
Museum of Alexander Krylov
Alexander Krylov is an amber master who has over 20 years of experience. He participated in the restoration of the Amber Room in the Kaliningrad Museum, while working on his own works of art, in which he combined a solar stone with gold, silver, bone, and wood.
In St. Petersburg, on the 2nd floor of the Gostiny Dvor, a museum was opened in which the works of the talented A. Krylov were put on display. Among them:
- Amber room layout on a scale of 1 to 20,
- Easter eggs,
- a working violin from amber, which has no analogues in the world,
- voluminous portraits of Van Gogh, S. Dali, P. Tchaikovsky.
Amber Museum in Palanga
In the city of Palanga, located in Lithuania, there is an amber museum. It collected 30 thousand copies, half of them - inclusions, that is, stones with flowers and insects frozen in them. The most interesting of them:
- a huge 3.5 kg copy called "Amber Sun",
- Portrait of J. емemaitė (writer, playwright from Lithuania),
- Chess board,
- sailboat model
- miniature tractor
- a cross made in the 16th century
- cigar mouthpieces,
- wall panel.
The museum, located on the territory of the former estate of Count F. Tyszkiewicz, is surrounded by a beautiful park. The building has 15 rooms, each of which presents amber items. This is one of the most popular places to visit in Lithuania.
Lithuanian poet Eduardas Mežialaitis said: “We are the Baltic states, and amber flows in our veins.” The amber museum in Palanga is dedicated to the most beloved stone of the Lithuanians, according to one of the tales of which amber is the tears of the sea goddess Yurate, punished by the powerful Perkunas for her love for a simple fisherman.
Since the Neolithic, mining and trade in amber have played an important role in the economy of the Eastern Baltic. In the XVII century, amber workshops worked in Palanga, guilds of amber craftsmen were formed, whose work was highly appreciated not only in the Baltic States, but also in many countries of Europe. By the end of the XVIII century, Palanga became the center of amber fishing, before the First World War, about 2000 kilograms of amber were processed annually in Palanga.
The museum is located in the Tyszkiewicz Palace, built in 1897 near the coast of the Baltic Sea according to the project of the German architect Franz Schwechten. The palace is located in a beautiful park designed by landscape architect Eduard Francois Andre.
The museum was opened on August 3, 1963 and is located in 15 rooms with an area of about 750 square meters. The collection includes 28 thousand exhibits. For viewing, about 4.5 thousand amber stones and objects were used, in the manufacture of which amber was used. The collection demonstrates both the formation of amber in the process of evolution, and its role in the history and culture of mankind.
The Amber Museum was merged with the Lithuanian Art Museum in 1990 and is still expanding.
The museum is famous for its cultural traditions: since 1984, the summer festival “Night Serenades” has been held annually on the terrace of the palace, cultural events and meetings with artists are held in the Fireplace Hall.
The spaces on the first floor of the palace are replete with updated historical interiors, telling about the life of Counts Tyszkiewicz in this palace. Authentic rooms are presented here: Hall, Ceremonial Hall, Red Salon, Large Salon, Countess’s Cabinet, Blue Salon, Young Count’s Cabinet, Small Salon. The main exposition of the Amber Museum is on the second floor of the palace.
Of the 28 thousand exhibits of the museum, about 15 thousand are inclusions, which contain insects and parts of plants. Also located in the museum "Amber Sun" or "Sun Stone" - One of the largest amber weighing 3 kilograms 524 grams, the history of which includes two abductions.
In 2011, the exposition of the museum was updated, previously inaccessible halls were opened for visitors. In 2012, an exhibition dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the famous Lithuanian poet Maironis was launched here.
By the end of 2014, the museum was visited by more than 8 million people.
The beginning of the museum tells about the origin of amber and its composition. The birth of Baltic amber from sediments in deltas flowing in the territory of Fennoscandia is referred to as the Eocene. The process is described, during which wood resin turns into amber during the life of various microorganisms, oxidation and polymerization. The following are various pieces of amber and crafts made from it: figurines, jewelry, souvenir products, including not only from Baltic stone, but also amber products from other regions of the world (Africa, Australia, Tibet, Indonesia, Egypt). A small stand is also reserved for the demonstration of fake amber products.
Among the objects of cultural and artistic heritage of Lithuania, among other things, there is an amber ring created in the 15th century, an amber cross of the 16th century and decorations of the 16th-19th centuries. Among the exhibits of this time there are cigar mouthpieces, jewelry boxes and beads.
Instead of the lost artifacts of the Neolithic era, archaeologists created copies. There are also works of contemporary art at the exhibition, for example, works by Lithuanian artists Horstas Taleikis (Horstas taleikis), Dionizas Varkalis (Dionyzas varkalis), Jonas Urbonas (Jonas urbonas).
Among the works of the Soviet period, one can single out a portrait of a Lithuanian writer, prose writer and playwright Julia емemaitė (Žemaitė“), A chessboard with figures, wooden wall panels with large pieces of amber, miniature models of sailboats and a tractor.
The former chapel of the palace hosts temporary exhibitions.
Time and cost of visiting
Opening hours during the tourist season are different from winter time. So from September to May you can visit the museum from Tuesday to Saturday from 11 to 17 hours. From June to August on the same days of the week only from 10 to 19 hours. An additional day off is on public holidays.
The price for adults is € 2.32, for children € 1.15, and up to 7 years old - free of charge.
If you want to learn more about the history of amber, you can use the services of a guide. In Lithuanian, such a service will cost € 8.69, in a foreign language € 14.48.