Eiger Peak is located in the Bernese Alps, its height is 3970 meters. It is located on the border of the Swiss cantons of Valais and Bern and is the eastern peak in the famous three of the Great Northern Wall of the Bernese Highlands, along with the peaks of Mönch and Jungfrau. Their clearly visible and easily recognizable silhouette can serve as a unique visiting card of this region of Switzerland.
Eiger is not included in the list of alpine four-thousanders, however it is no less difficult and dangerous mountain to climb than its neighbors. The famous Eiger North Wall was first conquered by climbers only in 1938, and climbing to the top of Eiger via a simpler route was made in 1858. The list of climbers who died on the North Wall goes to the tens. Films and books were written about the attempts to storm the North Wall, and the wall itself was called Mordwand (death wall) instead of Nordwand (German: North wall).
Now it is not necessary to be an experienced climber to enjoy the views from the mountain. In the thickness of the mountain there is a tunnel through which the Jungfrau toothed railway passes. There are two stations on Eiger - Eigerwand on the North Wall and Eismeer on the south slope. Through the windows cut into the rock, a magnificent view of the mountains and glaciers. Nearby is the largest glacier in the Alps - the Great Aletsch Glacier, and the entire Jungfrau-Aletsch region, which includes the highest peaks and the largest glaciers of the Bernese Alps, was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2001.
For the first time the name of the mountain is mentioned in documents of the XIII century, but the origin of the name is unclear.