Forbidden City, it is also known as the Imperial Palace, the largest palace in the world, which is located in Beijing. The entire complex of the Forbidden City covers an area of 183 hectares and consists of 980 buildings in which 8,707 separate rooms. The Forbidden City, the world's largest concentration of ancient wooden structures, this unique landmark of Beijing, was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
The construction of the Forbidden City began in 1407 by Emperor Zhu Di. All roofs of buildings in the Forbidden City are decorated with yellow tiles, since yellow has become a symbol of the Chinese emperors. The entire palace complex is surrounded and protected by a fortification wall of 7.9 meters in height and a 70-meter moat.
From 1420 to 1920, 24 Chinese emperors lived in it for 500 years. Ancient Chinese ornaments, royal architectural styles, paintings, luxurious halls and a royal garden attract millions of tourists. The palace museum has a magnificent collection of more than one million objects of art from the Ming and Qing dynasties, including paintings, ceramics, sculptures and much more.
2. Summer Palace (Yiheyuan Park)
The Summer Palace is the largest surviving imperial park in modern China. It has a long history; this beautiful park was founded during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) and Qing (AD 1644 - 1911). Qinglong Emperor of the Qing Dynasty gathered the most skilled builders from all over the country to begin the construction of the Summer Palace for his mother. The Clean Ripple Garden was completed 15 years later. So he became the imperial summer palace and the royal garden of the Qing Dynasty.
In 1860, this vast royal garden was burned by the Anglo-French occupation forces. In 1888, the Dowager Empress Cixi ordered the reconstruction of the park, using the money intended for the national fleet. The design of the park was thoroughly thought out: each structure is combined with an artificial lake and mountain landscapes.
The Summer Palace is located 15 km northwest of the city center. This is an outstanding example of imperial gardens in classic Chinese style. The entire park complex covers an area of 290 hectares, including more than 3,000 structures: halls, pavilions, towers, bridges and a park, you can hardly find such a combination anywhere in the world!
One of the main attractions of the park is the 728-meter indoor gallery along the shore of the lake. It is adorned with magnificent paintings and frescoes.
3. The Great Wall of China
The most recognizable landmark in China, the longest structure created by human hands and one of the seven wonders of the world of our time. The Great Wall of China was built to protect the borders of China, it has a total length of more than 6,000 kilometers.
The Great Wall of China was built by various imperial dynasties of China in different centuries. The first part of the great wall was erected between 220 to 206 years of our era during the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, the Qin dynasty. Stones, wood and bricks are the main material used to build the Great Wall.
It includes watch towers, lighthouse towers, stairs, bridges and battlements. Most of the walls are over 10 meters high and 8 meters wide. It also became the largest cemetery in the world, during its construction, about one million people died.
The most visited section of the Great Wall of China is Badaling, it was built in 1504 during the Ming Dynasty and rebuilt in 1957. Badaling is 75 kilometers from Beijing and a tourist train runs to it.
4. Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square (Heavenly Peace Square) is the world's largest urban square, built in honor of the 10th anniversary of the Republic of China in 1958, is considered the center of communist China, the square has symbolic significance, its history goes back to May 4, 1919, when students protested against the Chinese provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. Highlights include: The People's Heroes Monument, a 38-meter obelisk, consisting of 17,000 blocks of granite and marble, as well as the magnificent Tiananmen Gate - the Gate of Heavenly Peace - built in 1417, the Museum of the Chinese Revolution and the mausoleum of Mao Zedong.
5. Yonghegun Monastery
Beijing's Yonghegun Monastery is an elegant and ancient temple, the largest and most beautifully preserved Lamaist monastery in China. It was built in 1694 as the residence of Emperor Yongzheng, the Qing Dynasty, when he was just a prince. In 1744, the Qing dynasty changed the status of the residence and Yonghegong became the Lama National Center.
Lamaism is a form of Buddhism mainly practiced in Tibet and Mongolia. The head of Lamaism is the Dalai Lama.
One of the main attractions of this complex is the huge wooden statue of Maitreya carved from sandalwood, it is eight meters in diameter and 18 meters in height. This is the tallest wooden Buddha statue in China.
6. Beihai Park
Beihai Park was an imperial garden under the dynasties of Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing. It is one of the oldest Chinese gardens. In it you will see a white Buddhist pagoda, built in 1651, which is located right in the center of a beautiful lake on a small island, as well as palaces, pavilions and galleries. On the north shore of the lake there is a wall of nine dragons playing with the sun. There is a unique castle of miniatures in the southern part of the park, where 800 year old, old pine trees grow.
7. Beijing National Stadium
Recognized worldwide for his role in the spectacularly held Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics, the National Stadium (Guójiā tǐyùchǎng) is also affectionately nicknamed the Bird's Nest and is worth a visit during a Beijing tour. This wonderful structure owes its unique design to the influence of traditional Chinese architecture. The stadium hosts major cultural events and performances, including opera, pop and rock concerts, as well as various sports events, mainly football matches. In winter, it turns into the largest man-made indoor ski slope in the world.
8. The Capital Museum of Beijing
Of particular interest is the excellent Capital Museum of Beijing, one of the country's leading art museums. Opened in 1981, the museum has an extensive collection of artifacts, including antique items from porcelain and bronze, traditional calligraphy and art, as well as many beautiful statues from China and other Asian cultures.
9. Temple of Confucius
A short walk from Yonghegun Monastery, in a pleasant side alley, is the magnificent Confucius Temple. The Temple of Confucius meets you with a beautiful gate, built in 1302, it is dedicated to the great philosopher and teacher, Confucius, whose teachings have dominated China's public and private life for many centuries. The highlight of the temple is the Hall of Great Achievements, a place for numerous sanctuaries dedicated to Confucius, his students and other Confucian philosophers.
10. Temple of Heaven in Beijing
One of the most popular holy places in China, is located in the center of Beijing. The Temple of Heaven was built by Emperor Yongle between 1406-1420. The architecture of the temple reflects the connection between heaven and earth. The round wall inside the temple represents the sky and the rectangular wall of this temple represents the Earth.