Atysh waterfall - a unique geographical object and a protected natural monument in the Beloretsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan, which was born as a result of the emergence of the underground river surface.
Atysh is not the most accessible attraction of the South Urals. Often, it is necessary to get to this amazing natural creation on off-road vehicles or on foot, using special equipment. However, any inconvenience loses its significance when you look at the delightful bubbling streams erupting from a fairy cave and filling an emerald reservoir at the foot of the grotto.
Translated from Bashkir, the name of the waterfall sounds like "shooting". This amazing cascade is formed by the rivers Atysh and Aguy, which have made their way in the rock and climbed to the surface in one of the sections of the mountain Yash-Kuz-tash. Atysh waterfall is unique in that the water mass exiting the grotto falls almost vertically. Jets with a width of about 6 and a height of more than 4.5 m are thrown to the foot of the cave, as a result of which a small but extremely deep pond formed in this place (depth from 7 to 10 m). From it, Atysh continues his journey, flowing into the larger river Lemeza.
A curious fact: in ancient times, the waterfall was much higher, but gradually the water eroded the rock, and Atysh began to sink steadily. Scientists predict that in a few millennia, the stream will completely wash out the stone slabs and one of the most beautiful sights of the South Urals will cease to exist.
Best time to visit
Atysh is beautiful at any time of the year, so specific instructions regarding visiting the waterfall simply do not exist. Amazing landscapes and crystal clear water meet tourists in summer and autumn. During the spring flood, Atysh demonstrates his obstinate character, turning into a destructive foamed stream. In winter, a thin snow carpet covers the mountain, and mythical fog envelops the water jets. You can watch a truly fantastic picture if you climb into the grotto from which the waterfall comes out. Icicles and growths completely transform the interior of the cave. Particularly curious people can see how Atysh and Aguy disappear in the rock so that after a few kilometers they come to the surface in the form of powerful bubbling jets. To enjoy this interesting phenomenon, you must go north from the waterfall. Locals call this place Atysh-Sugan, which in translation sounds like: Atysh dived or Atysh failed.
Useful information. Going on a walking tour to the waterfall, you should take with you everything you need for an overnight stay (tent, food supply). Since the length of the route is about 10 km, it will be difficult to master a trip to the destination in one day and back.
The site on which the Atysh waterfall is, without exaggeration, can be called one of the most picturesque corners of the Southern Urals: clean, transparent rivers, small passes, copses of deciduous coniferous trees ... However, recently the environmental situation in the vicinity of Atysh has noticeably worsened. The reason for this is household garbage left by irresponsible tourists and travelers. The crossing of rivers with the help of automobile transport, which has become especially popular in recent years, is also having negative effects. As a result, fuel oil and oil stains appear on the water, and the coastal territory turns into a continuous torn track.
How to get there: features of the walking route and travel by car
Those who want to not only admire the waterfall, but also look at its surroundings, should prefer the hiking route. From the capital of Bashkortostan it is better to get on the train Ufa-Inzer, which will take you to the starting point of travel - 71 km. Since you will have to force at least two ponds along the way, try to purchase rubber boots with a high boot and the most comfortable clothes in advance. The first obstacle that meets tourists immediately after getting off the train is the Inzer River. The pond is shallow, with a calm course, so it is customary to wade across it. For thoroughness and leisurely, the locals nicknamed the river "man."
After a successful crossing, travelers will have a kilometer trek through the dense thickets leading to the pass. Walking along stony paths interspersed with maple groves will be long (about 8 km). Gradually, the road descends into the valley, where the second water obstacle is located - the Lemeza River or the “woman”, as the local residents christened it for their wayward character. Despite the fact that the pond is relatively shallow, the pitfalls in it are covered with a thin layer of silt. Accordingly, it is necessary to go over it with some caution. From Lemeza to the waterfall - just a few steps.
Those who do not favor many kilometers of hiking, you can try to get to the waterfall by car. Depart from Ufa to the village of Upper Lemezy, where you turn onto the path leading to Atysh.
Photo and description
One of the most amazing waterfalls in Bashkiria is located in the Arkhangelsk region and has the name Atysh, which is translated from Bashkir as “shooting,” “beating.” The "shooting" waterfall is the exit from the grotto (Atysh cave) to the surface of the underground river of the same name, escaping from Mount Yash-Kuz-Tash. The waterfall formed in the mountain millions of years ago by two underground rivers - Aguy and Atysh, previously had a stronger stream and erupted from a greater height. Over time (several thousand years), after eroding the rock, the stream united and descended below. In the spring, when the brooks are filled with meltwater, the waterfall erupts from the cliff by almost two meters and falls from a sheer height into the basin of a small lake. The diameter of the lake created by the waterfall is about twenty meters, and the depth in some places reaches ten meters. Atysh, like all underground sources, has a constant water temperature (+4 degrees) year-round.
To the north of the unique waterfall is a place where the rivers Aguy and Atysh, merging into one channel, disappear in the ponors, so that after a few kilometers they will appear on the surface in the form of a mighty stream breaking rocks. The locals call the place of disappearance of two streams Atysh-Sumgan, which is translated from Bashkir "Atysh dived".
Atysh waterfall is a natural monument and one of the most popular tourist places in Bashkortostan. The peculiarity of the waterfall - in the winter period of time, frozen streams of water, hovering in the air, are an incredible spectacle in beauty.
Translated from Bashkir "atysh" means "batter, shooter." A waterfall is an exit from the Atysh grotto to the surface of an underground river, which is also called Atysh.
The grotto of the Atysh cave is located in the mountain Yash-Kuz-tash, in the Beloretsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Water inside the grotto strikes from an inclined hole with a powerful ascending stream (this was called the waterfall) 6 m wide and falls from a height of 4.5 m.
Over the centuries, a picturesque lake has formed at the base of the waterfall, from which the Atysh River flows further into Lemezu.
Wiki: ru: Atysh (waterfall)
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