Ubeda (Úbeda) - a city in Andalusia (Jaen province), truly one of those that you need to visit, if possible. The city is located only 9-10 kilometers from Baeza and is also a monument of the Renaissance in Spain. In 1955, the Government of Spain awarded Ubeda the title of a city with one of the most outstanding architectural and historical collections in the country, in 1975 the Council of Europe awarded Ubeda the title of the City - an example of the Renaissance style in Europe, in 2003 UNESCO ranked the whole city as a World Heritage of Humanity, and 9 architectural monuments of the city received the value of National Monuments of Spain.
If you read somewhere that this is “not a big town, which is enough for half a day”, do not believe it. What would be normal and thoughtful to see the city - you need a full day, including an evening walk. I was not ready for a visit to this magnificent city. Well, now you have to go back and live here for at least a couple of days ... Leaving the city, I thought I saw the main part of the sights, but only later, understanding the architecture and history of the city, I realized that I saw a maximum of a fifth ...
These places were inhabited before the birth of Christ, then there were the Romans, then the Visigoths. But with them, the region did not receive much development. The settlement was developed and the status of the city only after the conquest of this region by Muslims. The era of Moorish rule ended in 1233, when the troops of the Christian king Ferdinand III Saint took the city. After this, it would seem, an era of prosperity should begin, but no ... First, the civil war that began in 1368 between Pedro I of Castile and Enerique II of Trastamar led to the significant destruction of Ubeda. Then local conflicts began between various families of the local nobility, sometimes turning into real wars. Only the Catholic Kings, Isabella and Ferdinand, who ordered the destruction of the city Alcazar with its fortifications, which served as a fortress during these internecine wars, could put an end to this.
Ubeda truly flourished in the years when the local aristocrat, Francisco de los Cobos, was appointed Secretary of State under King Charles I (Emperor Charles V). Francisco de los Cobos used his influence to restore and flourish his hometown.
How to get to Ubeda:
- Bus: bus station - Calle San Jose (1 km west of the city center). Message:
- Granada, Seville, Cordoba, Jaen, Baeza
- Granada, Seville, Cordoba, Jaen, Baeza
- By car: A316.
- From Baeza: 10 km to the east, 16 min.
- From Granada: 148 km north, 1:41 hours.
- From Cordoba: 151 km east, about 1:41.
- From Malaga: 258 km northeast, approximately 2:45.
- From Seville: 282 km east, approximately 2:52 drive.
Plaza Vázquez de Molina
Plaza Vázquez de Molina - the pearl of Ubeda and the central square, named after one of the rulers of the city in the 16th century, Vazquez de Molina, personal secretary of Philip II.
On the square monument 16th century Spanish poet Juan de la Cruz, who died in Ubeda.
Chapel San Salvador
Chapel San Salvador - located on the edge of the square. This church, built in the 1540s, was the personal chapel of the Molina family, and many representatives of this aristocratic family are buried in its walls. This was the first work of the architect Wandelwyr in Ubeda. The basic concept was created by Diego de Siloe, the architect of the cathedral in Granada, but Vandelvira added a lot from himself, including the complex main facade - an outstanding example of Plateresque architecture. Illuminated at night, the facade seems to come to life.
In the church’s room, pay attention to the portrait of Francisco Cobos de Molina.
- Sacra Capilla del Salvador, Plaza Vázquez de Molina
- 10:30 - 14:00 and 16:30 - 19:00.
- Entrance: € 3
Cadenas Palace (Palacio de las Cadenas) - Located on the other side of Plaza Vázquez de Molina. The palace was built in 1562. The word cadenas means chains. And indeed the entrance to the building and its courtyard was once adorned with iron chains. This is one of the most beautiful Renaissance palaces of Ubeda. Now the city hall is located in the building.
Church of Santa Maria de los Reales
Church of Santa Maria de los Reales (Iglesia Santa Maria de los Reales Alcazares) - Located opposite the Cadenas Palace. The purity of the lines of the Renaissance style is most pronounced in this chapel, built in 1525. This is the first of many works performed at Ubeda by the famous architect Andrés de Vandeville. An outstanding example of the Plateresque style, the facade of the building is modeled on the Doors of Forgiveness (Puerte del Pedron) in Granada.
The classical facade of the building is crowned with carvings in the form of the Transfiguration of Christ, framed by statues of St. Peter and Paul. The lower part of the arch is an example of classical sculpture made by the French sculptor Esteban Jamete with the image of Greek gods - this is a trace of the Renaissance, which would have been unthinkable a few decades ago.
The church is still privately owned by the Seville family of Medinaceli, descendants of the Cobos family (original owners), one of the largest landowners in Andalusia.
Located next to the chapel Palacio del condestable dávalos. Partially rebuilt in the 17th century, this palace is now Ubeda's luxurious parade.
Market Square - a little south is located surrounded by arched galleries Plaza del Primero de Mayo, which previously housed markets. There were also occasional bullfights.
Out onto the square:
Old City Hall (Antiguo Ayuntamiento), Calle Cervantes, 11. A local noble watched the bullfight from the gallery of this building. The building was built in the Renaissance style in the 16th century.
Church of San Pablo (Iglesia de San Pablo, Mon - Sat 11 - 13:30 and 19:00 - 20:00 Admission is free.). This church stands out for its beautiful portal in the late Gothic style, created in 1511.
A few steps from the square is open:
Museo de san juan de la cruz
Museum of the poet Juan de la Cruz (Museo de San Juan de la Cruz) - located closer to the ramparts. It is dedicated to st. John of the Cross, a Christian mystic and church teacher who died at Ubeda in 1591. He reformed the Carmelite monk order. However, the tour is conducted by monks in Spanish, so you can only enjoy the mystical atmosphere.
- Calle del carmen 13
- 11 - 13 and 17 - 19, Mon - closed.
- Free admission
Go north from the Juan de la Cruz Museum, turn left at the impressive gate Puerta de losal, go down Calle Fuente Seca and then Calle Cruz de Hierro to Corredera de San Fernando:
Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad
Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad (Corredera de san fernando) - This is an unusual church made in the Baroque style.
Among the other Renaissance palaces and churches of Ubeda are worth a look:
- Guadiana Palace (Palacio Guadiana) - Plaza de San Pedro
- Church of Saint Pedro (Iglesia de San Pedro) - next to the Guadiana Palace
- Casa de las torres - Сalle Jurado Gomez - the name is associated with the turrets (torres) that adorn the facade of the palace.
- Casa de los Salvajes - This palace is decorated with heraldic signs.
Casa Museo Arte Andalusí
This is a magnificent private museum where flamenco shows are regularly held. The first hint of the feature of the place is the heavy carved doors of the 16th century. Ring the bell if the door is closed.
The owner of this place - Paco Castro - with great love restored the former palace, preserving its original charm. Ask him to show the Waam Star of David carved on the corner of one of the original columns in the central courtyard. Above are balconies and a traditional ceiling painted in Mudejar style. This is an ideal place for a master's collection of antiques, in which you can find 19th-century ceramics, a 14th-century well, stained glass windows, ancient boundary stones, painted tiles, carpets, fine-carved wood panels and works of art collected throughout Spain and Morocco.
Downstairs in a former vaulted bodega are rows of photographs of Paco along with his friends flamenco dancers, including the famous maestro Paco de Lucia, who played here in the past. Local flamenco shows, which take place at 9:30 p.m. on Saturdays, are usually an outstanding show. You need to book it in advance. The show costs € 18, including a drink.
- Calle narvaez 11
- Entrance: € 2
- 11-14 and 17-20
To the south of the square, 150 meters along the Baja de El Salvador, Mirador Park offers wonderful views of the olive fields amid the snowy peaks of the Cazorla Mountains on the horizon.
Museo de alfarería
This is the workshop of Paco Tito and his son Pablo from a local family of potters. The museum is located in the quarter of San Millan (Barrio San Millán), where most of the potters work. There is a large exhibition with explanatory plaques and photographs regarding various aspects of the work of potters, including historical references to Ubeda, material used in the work and traditional styles and techniques. Ask to show you the 14th-century stove when this area - barrio - was part of a thriving Jewish quarter.
- Calle valencia 22
- on weekdays 10:30 - 14:00 and 17:00 - 19:00
Hospital de Santiago
Outside the city walls at Calle Obispo Cobos preserved Hospital de Santiago - This is the work of architect A. Wandelwyr in 1575. The building of the hospital is made in the Renaissance style. It is also called the “Andalusian Escorial” because of the solemn and strict appearance.
In the hospital you can visit the church, the walls of which were decorated with frescoes of the 16th century.
- Mon - Fri 8:30 - 14:00 and 16:00 - 22:00
- out 11:00 - 14:30 and 18:00 - 21:30.
Find information on the site:
Andalusia is the southernmost province of Spain, the administrative center of which is the birthplace of flamenco and bullfighting Seville. In addition to Seville, major cities are considered to be Malaga, Granada, Cordoba, Cadiz.
Geographically, the province has access immediately to two coasts - the Costa del Sol and the Costa de la Luz. Most of the cities of Andalusia have a tourist or resort orientation and are of great interest among tourists and travelers.
How to get to Ubeda
Ubeda is located in Central Andalusia and, along with Baeza, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city gained its significance thanks to the numerous monuments of architecture preserved in the Renaissance, Mudejar and Gothic style. Ubeda is a unique city, ideal for hiking, excursions, sightseeing.
You can get to Ubeda by car, bus or train from most Spanish cities. It is worth noting that there is no train station in Ubeda itself, but it is in the neighboring Linares-Baeza. You can get from the station directly to Ubeda by bus, the journey takes no more than 20 minutes.
Highways between Ubeda and other cities of the Golden Triangle - Baeza and Jaen are very well developed, so you can travel by car here quickly and comfortably, while car rental in Spain very popular and stably in demand by tourists.
Where to stay in Ubeda
Ubeda has hotels of all categories (1-5 stars), including non-star hotels and bed and breakfasts. Many of them are located in historic buildings. Some hotels include breakfast. If you are traveling by car, it is recommended to look for a hotel with parking, as public parking in the city a bit. The price policy of Ubeda hotels is democratic, it is a great alternative to stopping in big cities.
Hotel MS Palacio De Úbeda 5 G.L, 5 stars
This is the only five-star hotel in Ubeda, located in the city center and offers many options for tourists, including a spa, a hot spring bath, an outdoor pool, a sun terrace, a bar and free parking. Internet is also free.
The hotel has rooms of various categories. They are equipped with a TV, telephone, satellite TV, safe, air conditioning, hairdryer, minibar. Some rooms have a balcony. Breakfast is available at an additional cost. The hotel received the best ratings for its cleanliness and comfort in the rooms, as well as for its location.
The hotel has luggage storage, tour desk. Reception is open 24 hours a day. Check-in is from 14.00, check-out is until 12.00. You can find out more about the availability and cost of hotel accommodation for specific dates on the booking website Booking.com.
Alvar Fañez, 4 stars
The hotel is housed in a historic building in the heart of Ubeda. At the same time, the hotel itself is equipped with all modern options. Guests have their own lounge terrace, bar, games room. Wi-Fi is free throughout the hotel. Paid public parking is available nearby.
The hotel has standard, superior rooms and junior suites. The rooms are equipped with a safe, air conditioning, hairdryer, telephone, TV, minibar, wireless internet. Breakfast is included. The hotel received the best reviews for its location, staff work and room cleanliness.
The hotel has luggage storage, and a tour desk is available. The front desk is open 24 hours a day. Check-in is from 12.30, check-out is until 12.00. You can find out more about the availability and cost of hotel accommodation for specific dates on the booking website Booking.com.
RL Ciudad de Úbeda, 4 stars
The hotel is a 10-minute walk from the historic center of Ubeda. The hotel has its own restaurant of local cuisine, a gym, conference facilities, an outdoor pool. Private parking is available on site at an additional cost. Wi-Fi is free throughout the hotel.
The hotel offers rooms of various categories. All of them are equipped with TV, telephone, safe, air conditioning, hairdryer, minibar. The rooms have a balcony. Depending on the type of room, breakfast may be included in the price. The hotel received the best ratings for the staff work, cleanliness and comfort in the rooms, as well as for the price-quality ratio of the services provided.
The hotel has its own luggage storage, a tour desk, laundry and dry cleaning services are provided. Reception is open 24 hours a day. Check-in is from 14.00, check-out is until 12.00. You can find out more about the availability and cost of hotel accommodation for specific dates on the booking website Booking.com.
Sercotel Rosaleda Don Pedro, 3 stars
Located in the historic city center, the hotel has a number of additional services for guests, such as a spa and an outdoor pool. The hotel also has its own restaurant, snack bar and patio for relaxing. Wi-Fi is free and parking is available at an additional cost.
The hotel has rooms of various categories. The rooms are equipped with everything you need. Breakfast is available at an additional cost. The hotel received the best ratings for its location, staff work and room cleanliness.
The hotel provides ticketing services and a tour desk. Luggage storage is available. The front desk serves guests around the clock. Check-in is from 13.00, check-out is until 12.00. You can find out more about the availability and cost of hotel accommodation for specific dates on the booking website Booking.com.
María de Molina, 3 stars
Located in the heart of Ubeda, this hotel is housed in a historic 16th-century building. It features an outdoor pool and a restaurant serving local cuisine. Hotel guests can use free Wi-Fi throughout the hotel. Paid public parking is available nearby.
The hotel has single and double rooms, which are equipped with air conditioning, TV, telephone, minibar and wireless internet. Breakfast is available at an additional cost. The hotel received the highest ratings for its location, cleanliness of the rooms and the work of the staff.
Check-in is from 12.30, check-out is until 12.00. You can find out more about the availability and cost of hotel accommodation for specific dates on the booking website Booking.com.
What to see in Ubeda
The main reason you should go to Ubeda is a tour of historical and architectural sights. Thanks to them, Ubeda was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. This "golden" city is located on a marvelous background of mountains, surrounded by beautiful natural landscapes. The city is made “golden” by local lighting coupled with Ubeda architecture. This becomes especially noticeable in the afternoon. Learn more about how to organize yourself. Holidays in Spain—>.
Walking along Ubeda, you can find many buildings in the Renaissance style, which made the city unique. Among the attractions of Ubeda you can find palaces, churches, squares, and chapels, most of which were built at the turn of the 15-16th centuries.
The central square of the city is Vazquez de Molina square, named after one of the famous Spanish husbands. Once here, you might think that he was in a different time, so the Renaissance era froze in the local architecture. On the square, you can leisurely explore such architectural monuments as the collegiate church of St. Mary, the former mosque, the Savior's holy chapel, the palaces of Dean Ortega and the Marquis de Manser, the palace of the same name Vazquez de Molina, the former monastery of the servants of Mary, the building of the former granary.
Allie_Caulfield / Ubeda Church
By the way, to the palace Vasquez de Molina you can get inside, and the entrance is free. Inside the building you will see interiors made in the typical Mudejar style of Andalusia, where European and Eastern trends are intertwined. Around the palace are many interesting sculptures, columns and even a fountain. The palace is open to visitors on weekdays throughout the day, with the exception of siesta time (from 15.00 to 17.00). On Saturdays, the palace is open until noon.
Allie_Caulfield / Ubeda Palace
Area information Ubeda has access to neighboring towns and natural parks. Ubeda, along with Baesoi and Jaen, refers to the so-called "Golden Triangle" of the Renaissance, so visits to these cities are usually combined in one trip. In addition, the nature of Central Andalusia also deserves attention from travelers - here you can see mountains, and valleys, and stone statues and much more. To do this, just visit one of the natural parks in Ubeda County. This may be the Sierra Makhina Park, Sierra Cazorla or the most famous Sierra de Andujar.
The surroundings of Ubeda
We will be happy to answer your questions in the comments!
Photo at the beginning of the article: xiquinhosilva